ᴹ√BARAN root. “russet, brown”
A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “russet, brown”, with the derived adjectives ᴹQ. varne and N. baran of similar meaning (Ety/BARÁN). The continued appearance of S. baran in later words such as S. Baranduin “Brown River” (LotR/1138) and Berennyr “Brown Lands” (RC/343) indicates its continued validity. However, in The Lord of the Rings appendices Tolkien translated S. baran as “golden brown”, so it seems in later writings Tolkien considered this to be a brighter shade of brown.
Reference ✧ Ety/BARÁN ✧ BARÁN