Ilk. [esk] became [esg]; [esk] > [esg]

Ilk. [esk] became [esg]; [esk] > [esg]

Where an initial [esk-] developed from an initial [sk-], it further developed into [esg-], such as: ᴹ✶skal(a) > [eskal >] Ilk. esgal (Ety/SKAL¹) or ᴹ✶skar > [eskar >] Ilk. esgar¹ (Ety/SKAR). The same development occurred from initial [esk-] produced by the Ilkorin syncope: ᴹ✶eseke > [esk(e) >] Ilk. esg¹ (Ety/ESEK).

The combination [sk] only developed into [sg] after [e]. It remained for other vowels, such as: ᴹ✶us(u)kwē > Ilk. usc (Ety/USUK) or ᴹ✶askarā > Ilk. ascar (Ety/SKAR). It is unclear whether or not this development occurred for non-initial [esk], however.

Order (02200)

After 01800 second unstressed short vowel of same quality lost ᴹ√ESEK > Ilk. esg Ety/ESEK
After 02100 initial [s] became [es] before voiceless stops ᴹ√SKAL¹ > Ilk. esgal Ety/SKAL¹

Phonetic Rule Elements

[esk] > [esg]

Phonetic Rule Examples

eskal > esgal esk > esg ᴹ√SKAL¹ > Ilk. esgal ✧ Ety/SKAL¹
eskar > esgar esk > esg ᴹ√SKAR > Ilk. esgar ✧ Ety/SKAR
eskar > esgar esk > esg ᴹ√SKAR² > Un. esgar ✧ EtyAC/SKAR²
eske > esge esk > esg ᴹ√ESEK > Ilk. esg ✧ Ety/ESEK
eske > esge esk > esg ᴹ√EZGE > Ilk. esg ✧ Ety/EZGE