Q. Turambar m. “Master of Doom, Master of Fate”
A sobriquet adopted by Túrin in defiance of the curse set upon him by Morgoth translated “Master of Doom” (S/217). The first element of this name is tur “master”. The second element resembles the variant form ambar of umbar seen in the phrase a Túrin Turambar turún’ ambartanen “O master of doom by doom mastered”. Elsewhere, however, Tolkien stated that the second element was derived directly from the primitive form ✶ṃbart(ă), with the middle vowel a originally associated with the verbal element tur-: ✶tura-mbar (PE17/104, 124).
Conceptual Development: This name dates back to the earliest Lost Tales (LT2/70). The name ᴱQ. Turambar appeared in the Qenya Lexicon beside a variant form Turamarto (QL/95), but in all the narratives it consistently appeared as Turambar. At the earliest stage, this name was likely a compound of the root ᴱ√TURU (LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi, QL/95) and ᴱQ. ambar¹ “fate” (LTA2/Turambar, QL/34).
In The Etymologies from the 1930s, ᴹQ. Turambar appeared as a derivative of the roots ᴹ√TUR and ᴹ√MBARAT (Ety/TUR, MBARAT), but Tolkien revised the Quenya word for “fate” to ᴹQ. umbar, so that it could no longer be a direct element of this name. Tolkien considered but rejected a new form ᴹQ. Turumbar (Ety/TUR). Hereafter, Tolkien probably considered the name to be an older compound assembled from its primitive elements.
Tolkien did gradually alter the translation of this name, from ᴱQ. “Conqueror of Fate” (LT2/86) >> ᴹQ. “Master of Fate” (Ety/TUR) >> Q. “Master of Doom” (S/217).
References ✧ LotRI; MRI/Túrin; PE17/104, 124, 164; PMI; S/217, 223, 226; SA/amarth, tur; SI; UT/138; UTI; WJI/Turambar, Turumarth
|-tur||“master, lord, ruler”||✧ SA/tur|
|✶ṃbart(ă)||“fate, doom”||✧ PE17/124 (ṃbar(t))|
|tur-||“to master, conquer, dominate, win”||✧ PE17/124|
|√MBAR||“settle, dwell; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision”||✧ PE17/163 (MBAR)|
|✶tura-mbar > Turambar||[turambar]||✧ PE17/104|
ᴹQ. Turambar m. “Master of Fate, Conqueror of Fate”
References ✧ Ety/MBARAT, TUR; LR/140; LRI; SM/127, 305; SMI/Turambar, Turumarth
|ᴹ√TUR||“power, control, mastery, victory”||✧ Ety/TUR|
|umbar||“fate, doom”||✧ Ety/MBARAT|
ᴱQ. Turambar m. “Conqueror of Fate”
References ✧ LBI/Turambar, Turumart; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; LT2/70, 86; LT2A/Turambar; LT2I/Turambar, Turumart; PE15/61; PME/96; QL/95; SM/30
|ᴱ√TURU||“be strong”||✧ LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; LT1A/Meril-i-Turinqi; QL/95|
|ambar¹||“fate, lot”||✧ LT2A/Turambar|