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ᴹ√BOR(ON) root. “endure”

ᴹ√BOR(ON) root. “endure”
ᴱ√PERE “*endure”

The root ᴹ√BOR “endure” along with its extended form ᴹ√BORON appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s along with various derivatives having to do with endurance, faithfulness and everlastingness (Ety/BOR, BORÓN). It was simply a later version of the root ᴱ√VORO from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, unglossed but clearly of a similar meaning based on its Qenya and Gnomish derivatives like ᴱQ. voronda “faithful”, ᴱQ. vorima “everlasting” and G. bron(n) “steadfast, firm” (QL/102; GL/23-24).

Similar forms like Q. voronda or vórima “faithful” continued to appear in Tolkien’s later writing (UT/317). The well established names Q. Voronwë or S. Bronwe(g) “Steadfast, Faithful” retained the same basic form and meaning throughout Tolkien’s life, testifying to the enduring nature of the Elvish root for “endurance”.

References ✧ Ety/BOR, BORÓN, MIR, WEG; EtyAC/WAR, WEG






BORÓN extension ✧ Ety/BORÓN


ᴱ√VORO root. “*ever, always”

See ᴹ√BOR(ON) for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Bronweg; QL/102