Q. Valacirca pn. “Sickle of the Valar”
A constellation of seven stars (S/48), the Elvish version of the constellation of the Great Bear (SI/Valacirca), known as the Big Dipper by Americans or the Plough in Britain. It is a compound of Vala and the noun circa “sickle”.
Conceptual Development: A constellation of Seven Stars is mentioned in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/114). In the Qenya Lexicon, the name ᴱQ. Telpea Kalka “*Silvern Sickle” is given to the Great Bear (QL/47). The name “Sickle of the Gods" for this constellation emerged in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/212), and its Quenya name ᴹQ. Valakirka appears in The Etymologies from the same period (Ety/KIRIK). The Quenya name Valacirca did not appear in the tales themselves until Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/71).
References ✧ LBI; LT1I; MR/71, 388; MRI/Valakirka; PE17/22; S/48; SA/val; SI/Sickle of the Valar, Valacirca
|Vala||“(Angelic) Power, ‘God’, Authority”||✧ S/48; SA/val (val-)|
ᴹQ. Valakirka pn. “Sickle of the Gods”
References ✧ Ety/KIRIK, OT