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N. nod-² v. “to tie” (Category: to Bind)

N. nod-², v. “to tie” (Category: to Bind)
G. ther- “to tie”

A verb glossed “tie” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, appearing as nud- under the root ᴹ√NUT “tie, bind” (Ety/NUT) but as nod- under the entry for the root ᴹ√, where Tolkien said it coalesced with N. nod- “count” in Exhilic Noldorin (Ety/WŌ). Since short [u] generally became [o] in Sindarin and Noldorin, it seems nud- was an archaic form and the modern form was nod- “to tie”, crowding out nod- “count” which in turn was replaced by other independent verbs like N. gonod- “to count (up)”, though nod “count” survived as an element in compounds (Ety/NOT, WŌ).

References ✧ Ety/NUT, WŌ




Element In



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶nut- > nod- [nut-] > [not-] > [nod-] ✧ Ety/WŌ