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ᴹ√TULUK root. “*support, prop; steady, firm”

ᴹ√TULUK root. “*support, prop; steady, firm”

An unglossed root in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like ᴹQ. tulka “firm, strong, immoveable, steadfast”, N. tolog “stalwart, trusty”, and ᴹQ. tulko/N. tulu “support, prop” (Ety/TULUK). The “steady, firm” senses of the 1930s root are consistent with derivatives of the earlier root ᴱ√TULUK from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. tulka- “fix, stick in, set up, establish”, G. tulga- “make firm, confirm, settle, steady; comfort” and ᴱQ. tulunka/G. tulug “steady, firm” (QL/95; GL/71); nearby ᴱ√TḶKḶ (with no derivatives) may also have been related (QL/93).

However, the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s had a distinct root ᴱ√TḶPḶ with derivatives like ᴱQ. talpa/G. talp “support, prop”, ᴱQ. tulpu-/G. talpa- “prop up”, and G. clib- “uphold, support” (QL/93; GL/26, 69). This ᴱ√TḶPḶ may have been related to ᴱ√TULU as presented in Qenya Lexicon, which in this document had the more ancient sense “uphold, support” (QL/95). Thus I think the 1930s derivatives of ᴹ√TULUK having to do with “support” may have been transferred from 1910s ᴱ√TḶPḶ.

Reference ✧ Ety/TULUK

Derivatives


ᴱ√TḶKḶ root. “[unglossed]”

See ᴹ√TULUK for discussion.

Reference ✧ QL/93


ᴱ√TḶPḶ root. “*support, prop”

See ᴹ√TULUK for discussion.

References ✧ GL/26, 69; QL/93

Variations

Derivatives


ᴱ√TULUKU root. “*steady, firm”

See ᴹ√TULUK for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Tulkas; QL/95

Variations

Derivatives