Ad. bâr n. (weak-I gendered masc) “lord” (Category: Noble, Nobleman)

Ad. bâr n. (weak-I gendered masc) “lord” (Category: Noble, Nobleman)

A noun translated as “lord” (SD/311, 428). This nouns wins the prize for “most inflected Adûnaic noun”, since we have declensions for this noun in both the draft Adûnaic grammar and the later grammar of Lowdham’s Report. As such, it is very helpful for comparing how the noun declensions changed as Tolkien developed Adûnaic grammar. For example, comparing its draft plurals bāri/bārim to its later plural bârî/bârîm indicate the draft plural was originally formed with a short rather than long i. There are a few lingering examples of this short-i plural in later writings (SD/247, 251).

Conceptual Development: In earlier writings the rejected name Kherû “Lord” (SD/376) indicates a possible earlier form of this noun; Kherû itself was changed to Arûn. A similar form reappears in later writings in the name Adûnakhôr “Lord of the West”: either akhôr or khôr “lord”. Whether or not this later word replaced bâr is unknown.

References ✧ SD/247, 251, 311-312, 428-429, 437-439





bārus draft-dative   ✧ SD/439
bārusit draft-dative draft-dual   ✧ SD/439
bārisim draft-dative draft-plural   ✧ SD/439
bārut draft-dual   ✧ SD/438
bārō draft-genitive   ✧ SD/439
bārōt draft-genitive draft-dual   ✧ SD/439
bāriyōm draft-genitive draft-plural   ✧ SD/439
bāruma draft-instrumental   ✧ SD/439
bārumat draft-instrumental draft-dual   ✧ SD/439
bārimain draft-instrumental draft-plural   ✧ SD/439
bāri draft-plural   ✧ SD/438
bārun draft-subjective “lord” ✧ SD/311
bārun draft-subjective   ✧ SD/438
bārut draft-subjective draft-dual   ✧ SD/438
bārim draft-subjective draft-plural   ✧ SD/438
bārā̆t dual; normal-and-subjective   ✧ SD/438
bāru- objective   ✧ SD/438
Bāri plural; irregular-plural “lords” ✧ SD/251
bārī plural   ✧ SD/438
bārim plural subjective; irregular-plural “lords” ✧ SD/247
bārīm plural subjective   ✧ SD/438
bārun subjective   ✧ SD/312; SD/429; SD/438

Element In