S. Ennor loc. “Middle-earth”

S. Ennor, loc. “Middle-earth”

Sindarin equivalent of Endórë “Middle-earth”, derived from the same primitive form because in Sindarin [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] (LotR/1115).

Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the form N. Emerin appeared with the same translation but a completely different derivation (Ety/MBAR). In later writings, Tolkien generally derived S. Ennor from the root √ENED “centre, middle” (Let/384, PE17/26). He considered several alternate derivations, from √ENET or √HEN(ET) (VT41/16), but these reflected his uncertainty of the proper form of the root √ENED, not of S. Ennor itself.

References ✧ Let/384; LotR/1115; MRI/Endor; PE17/26, 121; SA/dôr; SMI/Endor; VT41/16



ened “middle, center” ✧ Let/384 (en(ed))
ndorē “land” ✧ Let/384 ((n)dor)
ENED “centre, middle; three” ✧ PE17/26 (EN(ED))
NDOR “land; hard, firm; [ᴹ√] dwell, stay, rest, abide” ✧ PE17/26
HEN “again; middle” ✧ VT41/16

Element In



N. Emerin loc. “Middle-earth”

A Noldorin name for “Middle-earth” appearing in The Etymologies as a cognate of ᴹQ. Ambarenya (Ety/MBAR), apparently derived from the same primitive form *✶ambarenyā.

Reference ✧ Ety/MBAR ✧ “Middle-earth”


amar “Earth” ✧ Ety/MBAR



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√MBAR > Emmerein > Emerin [ambarenjā] > [ambarenja] > [ambarenia] > [emberenia] > [embereni] > [emberein] > [emberein] > [emmerein] > [emerein] > [emerin] ✧ Ety/MBAR