S. Esgalduin loc. “River under Veil, River under Shade”
A river flowing through Doriath (S/121), translated “River under Shade” (PE17/15, 184) or “River under Veil” (Ety/SKAL¹). This name is a combination of esgal “shadow, screen” and duin “river” (SA/esgal, duin; PE17/184).
Conceptual Development: The name ᴱN. Esgalduin first appeared in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s where it was described as the “Elf-river” (LB/76), perhaps related to G. Egla “Elf” (GL/32). This name reappeared in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/103, LR/260), and in The Etymologies, Ilk. Esgalduin was designated an Ilkorin name, already with essentially the same derivation as given above (Ety/DUI, SKAL¹).
References ✧ LotRI; LT2I; PE17/15, 184; SA/duin, esgal; SI/Bridge of Esgalduin, Esgalduin; UTI; WJI
|esgal||“cast shadow, shade; screen, hiding, veil”||✧ PE17/184; SA/esgal|
|duin||“(large) river”||✧ SA/duin|
Ilk. Esgalduin loc. “River under Veil”
References ✧ Ety/DUI, EZGE, SKAL¹; EtyAC/DUI; LRI; SMI
|esgal||“screen, hiding, roof of leaves”||✧ Ety/SKAL¹|
|duin||“water, river”||✧ Ety/DUI|
|esg²||“rustle, noise of leaves”||✧ Ety/EZGE (esg)|
|ᴹ√SKAL¹||“screen, hide (from light), overshadow”||✧ EtyAC/DUI|