S. Esgalduin loc. “River under Veil, River under Shade”

S. Esgalduin, loc. “River under Veil, River under Shade”

A river flowing through Doriath (S/121), translated “River under Shade” (PE17/15, 184) or “River under Veil” (Ety/SKAL¹). This name is a combination of esgal “shadow, screen” and duin “river” (SA/esgal, duin; PE17/184).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱN. Esgalduin first appeared in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s where it was described as the “Elf-river” (LB/76), perhaps related to G. Egla “Elf” (GL/32). This name reappeared in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/103, LR/260), and in The Etymologies, Ilk. Esgalduin was designated an Ilkorin name, already with essentially the same derivation as given above (Ety/DUI, SKAL¹).

References ✧ LotRI; LT2I; PE17/15, 184; SA/duin, esgal; SI/Bridge of Esgalduin, Esgalduin; UTI; WJI



esgal “cast shadow, shade; screen, hiding, veil” ✧ PE17/184; SA/esgal
duin “(large) river” ✧ SA/duin

Ilk. Esgalduin loc. “River under Veil”

See S. Esgalduin for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/DUI, EZGE, SKAL¹; EtyAC/DUI; LRI; SMI



esgal “screen, hiding, roof of leaves” ✧ Ety/SKAL¹
duin “water, river” ✧ Ety/DUI
esg² “rustle, noise of leaves” ✧ Ety/EZGE (esg)
ᴹ√SKAL¹ “screen, hide (from light), overshadow” ✧ EtyAC/DUI

ᴱN. Esgalduin loc. “Elf-river”

References ✧ LB/76, 81; LBI