S. Forodwaith loc. “North-region, Northmen”

S. Forodwaith, loc. “North-region, Northmen”

Name of the northern region of Middle Earth or the ancient people who lived there (UT/14, LotR/1041), translated “North-region” or “Northmen” (Let/224, Ety/WEG). It is a combination of forod “north” and gwaith “people, region” (Ety/PHOR, WEG).

Conceptual Development: The name G. Forodwaith appeared in the earliest Lost Tales as a name for the “Men of the North” or Vikings (LT2/313), replacing earlier G. Gwasgonin “Winged Helms” (LT2/334). In The Etymologies from the 1930s, it appeared as both N. Forodwaith and N. Forodweith, reflecting Tolkien’s vacillation on the development of the diphthong [ai]; by this stage it already had the dual meaning given above (Ety/WEG, PHOR).

References ✧ Let/224; LotRI; UTI/Northern Waste

Glosses

Elements

forod “north”
gwaith “people; region” ✧ Let/224 (#waith)

N. Forodweith loc. “Northmen, Northland”

See S. Forodwaith for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/PHOR, WEG; TI/296, 304; TII/Forodwaith

Glosses

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Elements

forod “north” ✧ Ety/PHOR
gweith “manhood; man-power, troop of able bodied men, host, regiment” soft-mutation ✧ Ety/WEG
ᴹ√WEG “(manly) vigour” ✧ Ety/PHOR

G. Forodwaith coll. “Men of the North”

References ✧ LT2/313, 334; LT2I/Forodwaith, Forwaith, Gwasgonin

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G. Gwasgonin coll. “Winged Helms”

References ✧ LT2/334; LT2I

Glosses

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