S. Forodwaith loc. “North-region, Northmen”
Name of the northern region of Middle Earth or the ancient people who lived there (UT/14, LotR/1041), translated “North-region” or “Northmen” (Let/224, Ety/WEG). It is a combination of forod “north” and gwaith “people, region” (Ety/PHOR, WEG).
Conceptual Development: The name G. Forodwaith appeared in the earliest Lost Tales as a name for the “Men of the North” or Vikings (LT2/313), replacing earlier G. Gwasgonin “Winged Helms” (LT2/334). In The Etymologies from the 1930s, it appeared as both N. Forodwaith and N. Forodweith, reflecting Tolkien’s vacillation on the development of the diphthong [ai]; by this stage it already had the dual meaning given above (Ety/WEG, PHOR).
References ✧ Let/224; LotRI; UTI/Northern Waste
|gwaith||“people; region”||✧ Let/224 (#waith)|
N. Forodweith loc. “Northmen, Northland”
References ✧ Ety/PHOR, WEG; TI/296, 304; TII/Forodwaith
|gweith||“manhood; man-power, troop of able bodied men, host, regiment”||soft-mutation||✧ Ety/WEG|
|ᴹ√WEG||“(manly) vigour”||✧ Ety/PHOR|
G. Forodwaith coll. “Men of the North”
References ✧ LT2/313, 334; LT2I/Forodwaith, Forwaith, Gwasgonin