Ilk. istil n. “silver light, starlight” (Category: Starlight)
A Doriathrin noun for “silver light, starlight”, also given as istel, which developed from the root ᴹ√SIL (Ety/SIL). Tolkien said that it was probably originally a (ancient?) Quenya word learned from Melian. This apparently this means its development was unusual. Along with the identical Istil “Moon”, it is the only Ilkorin noun with a medial [st]. Helge Fauskanger suggested it must have developed by a strengthening of [s] to [st]. It may also be another example of a development from syllabic [ṣ], though elsewhere initial [s] became [es] before voiceless stops.
Reference ✧ Ety/SIL ✧ Dor. istel/istil “silver light, starlight”
|ᴹ√SIL > istel/istil||[isil] ? [istil]||✧ Ety/SIL|