Ilk. [nd] became [ŋg] following a [g]; [gX₊nd] > [gX₊ŋg]
In Ilkorin, it seems [nd] sometimes developed to [ŋg], as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/gangel, gwilwering). The clearest example of this change is ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) > [ŋgandelle >] Ilk. gangel (Ety/ÑGAN). A less obvious example is ᴹ√WIL > Ilk. gwilwering. Its cognate ᴹQ. wilwarind- indicates that it originally ended in [-nd]. The shift of [nd] to [ŋg] was not a general change, however, since there are plenty of Ilkorin examples where [-nd-] was preserved. In both cases where the change did occur, the words begin with [(ŋ)g-], so Helge Fauskanger suggested that the change was a result of [-nd-] assimilating to this sound.
Phonetic Rule Elements
Phonetic Rule Examples
|gwilwerind > gwilweriŋg||gX₊nd > gX₊ŋg||ᴹ√WIL > Ilk. gwilwering||✧ Ety/WIL|
|ŋgandell > ŋgaŋgell||gX₊nd > gX₊ŋg||ᴹ√ÑGANAD > Ilk. gangel||✧ Ety/ÑGAN|