Ilk. [nd] became [ŋg] following a [g]; [gX₊nd] > [gX₊ŋg]

Ilk. [nd] became [ŋg] following a [g]; [gX₊nd] > [gX₊ŋg]

In Ilkorin, it seems [nd] sometimes developed to [ŋg], as suggested by Helge Fauskanger (AL-Ilkorin/gangel, gwilwering). The clearest example of this change is ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) > [ŋgandelle >] Ilk. gangel (Ety/ÑGAN). A less obvious example is ᴹ√WIL > Ilk. gwilwering. Its cognate ᴹQ. wilwarind- indicates that it originally ended in [-nd]. The shift of [nd] to [ŋg] was not a general change, however, since there are plenty of Ilkorin examples where [-nd-] was preserved. In both cases where the change did occur, the words begin with [(ŋ)g-], so Helge Fauskanger suggested that the change was a result of [-nd-] assimilating to this sound.

Phonetic Rule Elements

[gX₊nd] > [gX₊ŋg]

Phonetic Rule Examples

gwilwerind > gwilweriŋg gX₊nd > gX₊ŋg ᴹ√WIL > Ilk. gwilwering ✧ Ety/WIL
ŋgandell > ŋgaŋgell gX₊nd > gX₊ŋg ᴹ√ÑGANAD > Ilk. gangel ✧ Ety/ÑGAN