S. Osgiliath loc. “Citadel of the Stars”

S. Osgiliath, loc. “Citadel of the Stars”

The old capital of Gondor, translated “Citadel of the Stars” (LotR/244) or “Fortress of the Stars” (RGEO/65, Let/426). This name is a combination of ost “fortress, city” and the class-plural of gil “star” (RC/232; SA/os(t), gil).

Conceptual Development: When this name first appeared in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, it was already N. Osgiliath “Fortress of the Stars” (TI/119).

References ✧ Let/426; LotR/244, 1113; LotRI/Citadel of the Stars, Osgiliath; NM/228; PE17/23, 30; PMI; RC/232; RGEO/65; SA/gil, os(t); SI; UTI




ost “fort, fortress, stronghold, citadel; fortified town; enclosure” ✧ NM/228; RC/232; SA/os(t)
gil “star; (bright) spark, silver glint, twinkle of light” class-plural ✧ PE17/23; PE17/30 (giliath); RC/232 (giliath); RGEO/65; SA/gil (giliath)

N. Osgiliath loc. “Fortress of the Stars”

See S. Osgiliath for discussion.

References ✧ SDI1/Osgiliath; TI/119, 144, 423-424; TII; WRI




ost “city, town (with wall round)”
geil “star” class-plural