Ad. bâr n. (weak-I gendered masc) “lord”

A noun translated as “lord” (SD/311, 428). This nouns wins the prize for “most inflected Adûnaic noun”, since we have declensions for this noun in both the draft Adûnaic grammar and the later grammar of Lowdham’s Report. As such, it is very helpful for comparing how the noun declensions changed as Tolkien developed Adûnaic grammar. For example, comparing its draft plurals bāri/bārim to its later plural bârî/bârîm indicate the draft plural was originally formed with a short rather than long i. There are a few lingering examples of this short-i plural in later writings (SD/247, 251).

Conceptual Development: In earlier writings the rejected name Kherû “Lord” (SD/376) indicates a possible earlier form of this noun; Kherû itself was changed to Arûn. A similar form reappears in later writings in the name Adûnakhôr “Lord of the West”: either akhôr or khôr “lord”. Whether or not this later word replaced bâr is unknown.

References ✧ SD/247.0802; SD/251.03021; SD/311.3605; SD/312.2102; SD/428.3904; SD/429.0208; SD/429.0303; SD/437.3202; SD/438.0103; SD/438.0202; SD/438.0302; SD/438.0502; SD/438.0603; SD/438.0702; SD/438.3602; SD/438.3805; SD/438.3807; SD/438.3902; SD/438.3903; SD/438.3904; SD/439.0102; SD/439.0103; SD/439.0104; SD/439.0202; SD/439.0203; SD/439.0204; SD/439.0302; SD/439.0303; SD/439.0304

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

bārus draft-dative   ✧ SD/439.0202
bārusit draft-dative draft-dual   ✧ SD/439.0203
bārisim draft-dative draft-plural   ✧ SD/439.0204
bārut draft-dual   ✧ SD/438.3805
bārō draft-genitive   ✧ SD/439.0102
bārōt draft-genitive draft-dual   ✧ SD/439.0103
bāriyōm draft-genitive draft-plural   ✧ SD/439.0104
bāruma draft-instrumental   ✧ SD/439.0302
bārumat draft-instrumental draft-dual   ✧ SD/439.0303
bārimain draft-instrumental draft-plural   ✧ SD/439.0304
bāri draft-plural   ✧ SD/438.3807
bārun draft-subjective “lord” ✧ SD/311.3605
bārun draft-subjective   ✧ SD/438.3902
bārut draft-subjective draft-dual   ✧ SD/438.3903
bārim draft-subjective draft-plural   ✧ SD/438.3904
bārā̆t dual normal-and-subjective   ✧ SD/438.0502
bāru- objective   ✧ SD/438.0302
Bāri plural irregular-plural “lords” ✧ SD/251.03021
bārī plural   ✧ SD/438.0603
bārim plural subjective irregular-plural “lords” ✧ SD/247.0802
bārīm plural subjective   ✧ SD/438.0702
bārun subjective   ✧ SD/312.2102; SD/429.0303; SD/438.0202

Element In