N. Taur-na-Fuin loc. “Forest of Night”
Earlier name of S. Taur-nu-Fuin, this form of the name first appeared in The Lays of Beleriand (LB/34). Early in this period, Tolkien often translated this name as “Deadly Nightshade” (LB/34, SM/103, SM/299), but he eventually decided that this translation was actually a second name for the forest, whose Elvish form was N. Deldúwath.
In The Etymologies, Tolkien also posited that this name was a punning alteration of N. Dor-na-Thuin, the proper Noldorin form of Ilk. Dorthonion, the name of the region before it was corrupted by Morgoth (Ety/THŌN). When the Noldorin language became Sindarin, this development no longer made sense.
See S. Taur-nu-Fuin for further discussion.
References ✧ Ety/ÑGOROTH, PHUY, THŌN; EtyAC/ÑGOROTH; LB/348; LR/133, 282, 300, 406; LRI; PE22/41; SM/103, 223, 299; SMI; TII; WJ/126, 239; WJI/Taur-nu-Fuin
|taur¹||“forest, great wood”||✧ Ety/PHUY|
|na||“with, by; of”||✧ Ety/PHUY|
|fuin||“night, dead of night”||✧ Ety/PHUY|
ᴱN. Taur-na-Fuin loc. “Deadly Nightshade”
References ✧ LB/34, 146, 155, 227; LBI; SM/26
G. Taurfuin loc. “Forest of Night”
See later S. Taur-nu-Fuin for general discussion. @@@
References ✧ LB/146; LBI/Taur-na-Fuin; LT2/47, 78; LT2A/Taurfuin; LT2I; SM/223; SMI/Taur-na-Fuin
|taur¹||“dense wood or forest”||✧ LT1A/Tavari|
|fuin¹||“secret, dark; hoarded”||✧ LT1A/Fui|