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N. tuilinn n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer” (Category: Bird (other))

N. tuilinn, n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer” (Category: Bird (other))

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s for a “swallow” derived from primitive ᴹ✶tuilelindō “spring-singer” (Ety/LIN², TUY).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s, Tolkien had G. {duil >>} G. duiling or duilinc “swallow”, apparently a diminutive form based on (archaic) ᴱ✶du̯il “bird” (GL/31). Tolkien also had deleted G. duil “spring” (GL/31), and in the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon he gave as its cognate ᴱQ. tuilindo “spring-singer, swallow” under the early root ᴱ√TUẎU that was the basis for “spring” words (QL/96). However, Tolkien marked this Qenya form with a “*” and said it was “not related”, so perhaps Tolkien reimagined word as a derivative of *ᴱ√DUYU that was the basis for “bird” words in the Gnomish Lexicon, since initial d became t in Early Qenya.

ᴱN. {duilen >>} duilin “a swallow” reappeared in the Early Noldorin Grammar of the 1920s (PE13/120) and duilin “swallow” appeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists from the same period (PE13/142). N. tuilinn “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer” first appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s, as described above.

References ✧ Ety/LIN², TUY

Glosses

Elements

tui “sprout, bud”
lhinn “air, tune” soft-mutation
ᴹ√TUY “sprout, spring” ✧ Ety/LIN²
ᴹ√LIN² “sing” ✧ Ety/LIN²

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶tuilelindō > tuilind > tuilinn [tuilelindō] > [tuilelindo] !!! [tuilindo] > [tuilind] > [tuilinn] ✧ Ety/TUY

ᴱN. duilin n. “swallow” (Category: Bird (other))

See N. tuilinn for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/120, 142, 156

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Inflections

i·nuilenin nasal-mutation plural; d-mutation   ✧ PE13/120
i·nuilin nasal-mutation plural; d-mutation   ✧ PE13/120
i·nuiliniath nasal-mutation plural; d-mutation   ✧ PE13/120
duilinniath plural   ✧ PE13/142
duilinnin plural   ✧ PE13/142
#dhuilin soft-mutation; d-mutation “swallow” ✧ PE13/156
i·dhuilen soft-mutation; d-mutation   ✧ PE13/120
i·dhuilin soft-mutation; d-mutation   ✧ PE13/120
no·duilin stop-mutation; d-mutation “to a swallow” ✧ PE13/120
i·nuilent stop-mutation dual; d-mutation   ✧ PE13/120

Element In


G. duilin(g) n. “swallow” (Category: Bird (other))

See N. tuilinn for discussion.

References ✧ GL/23, 31, 39, 54; LT2A/Duilin; QL/96

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Elements

ᴱ✶du(w)il “*bird” ✧ GL/31 (du̯il)
inc “little” ✧ GL/31 (#inc)

Element In

Cognates


G. duil² n. “swallow”

See N. tuilinn for discussion.

Reference ✧ GL/31 ✧ duil “swallow”

Derivations