Early Noldorin Semantic Categories



1. Physical World

1.11 World

barth n. “world, earth”
blador n. “world”

1.21 Earth, Land

unnor adj. “without a land”
urnor adj. “landless”

1.213 Dust, Powder

lhith n. “dust”
yrlhith adj. “dustless”

1.22 Hill, Mountain

amon n. “hill”
#orod n. “mountain”
tain¹ n. “mountain”
tûn n. “mound, bare hill”

1.221 Peak, Summit

aiglir n. “peak, mountain top”
dain² n. “height, summit; height, loftiness, sublimity”

1.222 Slope, Cliff

amvinn n. “slope, incline, hillside”
benn adj. “sloping, inclined, slanting, up or down hill”
binn n. “slope, hillside, bank”
tlad n. “hillside, slope”
tleth adj. “sloping, slanting, leaning”

1.223 Mound, Pile

bala n. “round hump, hump, hillock”
cum(b) n. “mound”
tuf n. “lump, knob”

1.23 Plain, Field

balt² n. “a plain”
ladwen n. “plain”
#teloth n. “plain”

1.24 Dale, Valley

dalath n. “vale”
nann n. “dale”
tum(b) n. “flat vale”

1.241 Ravine, Pass

falch n. “cleft, ravine”

1.25 Isle, Island

dol n. “island”

1.27 Shore, Beach

gwaithlos n. “*sea-shore”
plados n. “surf, land’s edge”
thlos n. “shore”

1.31 Water

lim n. “water”
limig n. “drop of water”
nen(n) n. “water, river, stream”

1.32 Sea

gwai n. “sea”

1.33 Lake, Pond

ailin n. “lake”
lhuin n. “pool”

1.34 Gulf, Bay

n. “bay, cove”

1.351 Foam, Froth

cruith n. “spume”

1.352 Splash, Spray

tlais n. “splashing, flapping noise”

1.36 Brook, Stream, River

ach n. “waterfall”
sîr n. “stream”

1.37 Spring, Well

aithl n. “spring, fount, source”
#eithla- v. “to spring, well forth”
eithlod n. “springing, welling forth”
eithlos n. “fountain”

1.41 Woods, Forest

taur n. “forest”

1.43 Wood, Timber

dron n. “wood”

1.44 Rock, Stone

esk n. “sharp upstanding rock in water”
gonn n. “stone, rock”
gonnen adj. “of stone”
orsarn adj. “stoneless”
#sarn n. “stone”

1.46 Cave

gronn n. “cave, cavern”

1.51 Sky, Heavens

dai n. and adj. “sky; high”
telum n. “sky”

1.52 Sun

gladwen n. “radiance, sunshine”
ûr n. “sun”

1.53 Moon

rân n. “moon”

1.54 Star

gail n. “star; sign, token, heavenly body”

1.55 Flash, Lightning

aithorn n. “lightning”

1.56 Noise, Thunder

tlach n. “a clap, clash”
tlacha- v. “to clap, clash, clatter”
tlachol adj. “clashing”

1.61 Light

aglann n. “ray of light”
glaiw n. “light”

1.62 Darkness

avosaith n. “gloomy places”

1.622 Dark, Murky

danglarweb adj. “without light”
drû adj. “dark”
hinar adj. “dark”

1.63 Shade, Shadow

lhom n. “shadow”

1.72 Wind

gwâ n. “wind”

1.722 Storm

huiriaith n. “gale”

1.723 Breeze

blith n. “breeze”

1.74 Mist, Fog, Haze

blaith n. “fog, gloomy mist”
blaithren adj. “foggy”
midh n. “mist, drizzle”

1.75 Rain (n)

narog adj. “violent (of water, rain, etc.), torrential”

1.77 Ice, Frost

lhinc n. “ice”

1.81 Fire (n)

byr n. “fire”

1.82 Flame (n)

lhacha n. “flame”

2. Mankind

2.1 Human Being

fion n. “mortal man”
gwiaithos n. “a person, human (not specifically m. or f.)”

2.21 Man

fionweg n. “a man”
gweg n. “man, male (being)”

2.22 Woman

fionwin n. “woman; (fem.) mortal man”
nain n. “woman”
uin n. “woman”

2.27 Child

arn n. “child”

2.31 Husband

gwedhion n. “husband”
urwedhw adj. “without mate”
uwedhweb adj. “not married”
yrwidhion adj. “without husband”

2.32 Wife

gweth n. “wife”
urweth adj. “without wife”

2.34 Wedding, Marriage

gwedhw n. “matrimony”

2.41 Son

n. “son”

3. Animals

3.11 Animal

lafn n. “*animal”

3.16 to Pasture

cig n. “cud”

3.41 Horse (generic)

brog n. “horse”
u(r)vrog adj. “horseless”

3.44 Mare

bregil n. “mare”

3.61 Dog

fan(d) n. “dog”

3.62 Cat

muig n. “cat”

3.64 Bird

aiw n. “bird”

3.641 Eagle, Hawk

thorn n. “eagle”
thrond n. “sky lord”

3.642 Crow, Raven

corch n. “?crow”
crunc n. “crow”

3.648 Swan

alf n. “swan”
alfuilin n. “large white sea-bird, albatross, †swan”
elflin n. “cygnet, *young swan”
gwanwen n. “swan”

3.649 Bird (other)

amrent n. “lark”
duilin n. “swallow”
urdhuilin adj. “without swallows”

3.73 Bear

gorch n. “bear; fierce fighter”
magli n. “bear, (lit.) honey-eater”

3.82 Bee

glinui n. “honey-bee”
niw n. “*bee”
nui n. “bee”

3.83 Fly (n)

caifr n. “flea”

3.84 Worm

lhiw n. “worm”

3.85 Snake

lamthanc n. “snake, (lit.) *forked tongue”

4. Body Parts and Functions

4.12 Skin, Hide

gwadh n. “bark, skin, peel”

4.14 Hair

find n. “hair”
fîr n. “a hair”

4.142 Beard

fang n. “beard”
orfang adj. “beardless”

4.16 Bone

asg n. “bone”
asgatheb adj. “bony”

4.19 Back

alm n. “back (from shoulder [to shoulder])”
bost n. “back from shoulder to shoulder”

4.20 Head

nod n. “head”

4.202 Skull

cas n. “skull”

4.204 Face

annas n. “face, countenance”

4.21 Eye

hen(n) n. “eye”

4.23 Nose

neth n. “nose”

4.29 Throat

gara n. “throat”
griw n. “alimentary canel”

4.30 Shoulder

amoth n. “shoulder”

4.33 Hand

mab n. “hand”
orvab adj. “handless”

4.34 Finger

lhê n. “finger”

4.35 Leg

tûd n. “thigh”

4.37 Foot

#mathal n. “footstep”
taul n. “foot”

4.41 Breast of Woman

tith n. “breast, teat”

4.44 Heart

lhonn n. “heart”
urhonn adj. “heartless”

4.46 Belly, Stomach

girdh n. “entrails, bowels, inwards”

4.47 Womb

huch n. “cunnus, *vagina”

4.492 Penis

gwî n. “teors, *penis”
gwib n. “teors, *penis”

4.56 to Spit

crech n. “spittle”
hist- v. “to spit”

4.57 to Vomit

hich- v. “to vomit”

4.63 to Wake

cuivros n. “awakening”

4.67 to have Sexual Intercourse

hoith n. “coitus, *sex”
hoitha- v. “*to have sex (with)”
hug- v. “futuere, *to copulate”
huigion n. “fututor, *one who copulates”

4.72 to Bear (of Mother)

bodamrost n. “resurrection”

4.74 to Live; Living; Life

cuif (cuiv-) adj. “alive”
cuil n. “life”
cuilvorn n. “lifetime”
uchuil adj. “lifeless”
urguil adj. “lifeless”
urrost adj. “never coming to life”

4.75 to Die; Dead; Death

gurdh- v. “to die”
gurdh n. “death”
gwardh adj. “dead”

4.76 to Kill

dag- [nd-] v. “to slay, kill”
dagros [nd-] n. “slaughter”
danc adj. “killed in battle”
rangos n. “slaughter”
rhach n. “carnage, slaughter”
rhang- v. “to slay in battle”

4.77 Corpse, Body

rhanc n. “corpse, body of one slain in battle”

4.81 Strong, Mighty, Powerful

balt¹ n. “might”
nûr n. “muscle”
rhôg n. “strength”
rhogrin adj. “doughty”
tûr n. “power”

4.82 Weak, Infirm

gwesg adv. “weakly”

4.84 Sick; Sickness

côm n. “sickness”
pau n. “sickness”

4.85 to Wound; Wound; Wounded

hardh adj. “wounded”
harw n. “wound”

4.86 to Cure, Heal

athelas n. “a healing herb”

4.91 Tired, Weary

darw adj. “tired, weary”
dre adj. “wearisome, tiresome”

4.96 Dumb

uvlam adj. “dumb”

4.97 Blind

dam(b) adj. “blind”

4.98 Drunk

balfaug adj. “drunken”

5. Food and Drink

5.11 to Eat

mad- v. “to eat”
madren adj. “edible”
medid adj. “edible”
medion n. “eater, feeder”
meidianweb adj. “worthy of being eaten”

5.12 Food

#math n. “food”
orvath adj. “foodless”

5.13 to Drink

lhif- v. “to drink”
#sog- v. “to drink”

5.14 Hunger (n)

haib adj. “hungry”
hais n. “hunger”

5.151 Thirsty

faug adj. “thirsty”
faus n. “thirst”

5.51 Bread

bast [mb-] n. “bread”
mui n. “crumb”
ormast adj. “breadless”
ummast adj. “without bread”

5.52 Cake

basgorn [mb-] n. “round loaf, cake”

5.614 Fat, Grease

blê n. and adj. “fat of meat”
híw adj. “rich”
lhub n. “fat”
thalf n. “grease”

5.79 Oil

bliw n. “oil”

5.84 Honey

glî n. “honey”
glidheb adj. “like honey”

5.88 Cheese

corn² n. “cheese”
#curan- v. “to curdle (intr.)”

5.89 Butter

tlî n. “butter”

5.94 Juice

hî¹ n. “sap, juice”

6. Clothing and Adornment

6.11 to Clothe, Dress

bai adj. “clad”

6.12 Clothes, Clothing

baith n. “clothes, garments, dress”
gwab n. “garment”
gwablith n. “clothes”
orvaith² adj. “garmentless”
umaith adj. “naked”

6.22 Wool

n. “fleece, wool”

6.412 Overcoat

garob n. “robe”

6.55 Hat, Cap

mindeb n. “crown”

6.72 Gem, Jewel

himp n. “jewel”

6.75 Necklace

fring n. “necklace”

7. Dwelling and Furniture

7.11 to Live, Dwell

#meria- v. “to dwell, live, stay”

7.12 House

adob n. “building”
bâr n. “house”
ormar adj. “houseless”

7.22 Door, Gate

ann n. “door”
ennion n. “porter, doorkeeper”
orann adj. “doorless”
ordarn adj. “gateless”
tarn n. “gate”

7.31 Hearth, Fireplace

gorth n. “hearth, fireplace”

7.43 Chair

orhod adj. “seatless”

8. Agriculture and Vegetation

8.12 Field for Cultivation

gwas n. “field”

8.51 Grass

halb n. “grass, long mowing grass”

8.55 Branch

alt n. “bough, branch”

8.56 Leaf

lhas n. “leaf”

8.565 Thorn

aith n. “thorn, †spear”
aithr² n. “thorn, sword”
daneitheb adj. “thornless”
eitheb adj. “thorny, sharp”

8.57 Flower

loth n. “flower, lily”

8.60 Tree (generic)

orn n. “tree”

8.61 Oak

gorw n. “oak”

8.62 Beech

delian n. “beech-tree”

8.635 Elm

ólin n. “elm”

8.64 Pine

aigos n. “pine-tree”

8.655 Tree (other)

loloth n. “poplar-tree”
orwadh adj. “barkless”
tathrin n. “willow”

8.99 Vegetation (other)

lhesg n. “sedge”

9. Physical Acts and Materials

9.11 to Do, Make

#car- v. “*to make”
cara- v. “to make, do, perform, act (trans. and abs.)”
-garn suf. “*-made”
tha- v. “to make, cause to be”

9.114 Action

carbh n. “deed”

9.12 Work, Labor

drauth n. “labour”
o(r)dhraust adj. “without work, workless”

9.14 to Bend

crib- v. “to bend”
crimtha- v. “to bend (tr.)”

9.17 Bond (n)

gaduin n. “bond, obstacle, hindrance”

9.18 Chain (n)

angath n. “fetters”

9.21 to Hit, Strike, Beat

dram(b) n. “heavy blow”

9.25 Ax

dail n. “axe (blade)”
hant n. “a blow with an axe”
peleg n. “axe”

9.26 to Break

orthanc adj. “unbroken, without break or cleavage, united, continuous; masked”

9.27 to Split

daila- v. “to cleave”
thanc adj. and n. “cleft, divided, split, cloven, forked, bifurcated; cleft, break, breach”

9.29 to Flay, Skin

gwath- v. “to strip”

9.36 to Wash

lhuv- v. “to wash”

9.413 Horn, Trumpet

hont n. “trumpet, trumpeting noise”

9.44 to Build

adag- v. “to build, establish”
edebion n. “builder”
edengion n. “builder”

9.455 to Poke, Prick, Stab

eithra- v. “to prick, stab”

9.51 Beam

bang n. “staff”
orvang adj. “staffless”
taichr n. “prop, support”

9.54 Brick

teiar n. “brick”

9.60 Smith

taglon n. “smith”

9.64 Gold

glôr n. “gold”

9.65 Silver

celaith adj. “of silver”
celeb n. “silver”
celebren adj. “of silver”
urgeleb adj. “without silver”

9.67 Iron

ang n. “iron”
angeb adj. “like iron”
angren adj. “of iron”

9.74 Glass

brin n. “dwarf-glass”
celch n. “glass”

9.76 Basket

côn n. “box”

9.90 Thing

nad n. “thing”

9.97 Difficult

amvenn adj. and adv. “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome”

9.993 to Happen

garadros n. “opportunity”

10. Motion and Transportation

10.21 to Rise

amra- v. “*to rise”
amros adj. “rising, soaring, lofty”
orost n. “?rising”
rhó- v. “to arise”
rhosta- v. “*to rise”

10.23 to Fall

dathanc adj. “unsteady”

10.26 to Shake

gobab- v. “to shake”

10.33 to Sink

dadnuin adj. “sinking (down)”
dadnuv- v. “*to sink, go down”
nuin² n. “sinking, going down; west”
#nuv- v. “to sink, set”

10.34 to Float

lhid- v. “to float, sail”

10.43 to Jump, Leap

hab- v. “to jump”

10.432 Leaping

cais n. “leap”

10.47 to Go

gar v. “?to go”

10.55 to Reach, Arrive

raith n. “[unglossed]”

10.72 Path

bad n. “way”
lhant n. “path”
mailt n. “a path”
rhód n. “course, running; way, method”

10.76 Wheel

norn n. “?wheel”

10.81 Ship

cair n. “?ship”

10.88 Sail (n)

belon n. “*sail”

11. Possession and Trade

11.15 to Hold

bail n. “sheath”

11.16 to Get, Obtain

? “[unglossed]”

11.23 to Restore

bodamros adj. “that lives again, renewed, renovated”

11.24 to Save, Preserve, Keep Safe

alaith n. “shielding, warding off, protect(ion)”
alanc adj. “*shielded, protected”
elaig- v. “to shield, ward off, protect”

11.31 to Seek

#argen- v. “?to search over”

11.34 to Release

leithia- v. “to release”
leithian n. “release from bondage”
rhoidia- v. “to let go”

11.41 Property

moir n. “goods”

11.43 Money

pant² n. “money”

11.44 Coin

panthig n. “coin”

11.46 Treasure

nabru n. “booty”
naud n. “treasure”

11.51 Rich

awes adj. “rich”

11.66 Account, Reckoning

gonod- v. “to count (up)”

11.82 to Sell

bag- v. “to sell, trade”

11.83 to Trade

bagod n. “trade, trading”

11.84 Merchant, Tradesman

be(i)gion n. “trader”

11.85 Market (place)

bagarth n. “market”
bagru n. “wares”

11.87 Price

bog n. “price, cost”
orvog adj. “priceless”

11.88 Dear, Expensive

bogodog adj. “dear, *expensive”

11.89 Cheap

bogligen adj. “cheap”
dammog adj. “valueless”

12. Spatial Relations

12.11 Place

garth n. “place”
garthad n. “open place, square”

12.12 to Put, Place, Set, Lay

gartha- v. “to set, put in position, appoint”

12.13 to Sit

haud n. “seat”

12.195 Whisper

pis- v. “to whisper”

12.221 Together

go- pref. “together, co(n)-”

12.222 And

ar conj. “*and”

12.31 High

aig adj. “high, steep”
adj. “high”

12.33 Top

n. “top”

12.352 Point

daroth n. “top, point, peak, tip, spike”

12.353 Edge

cant n. “edge”

12.38 Center

gir n. “interior, inwards, centre, inner parts, inside, heart”

12.394 Up, Above, Over

am adv. “up”
han n. “above”
oga prep. “above, on top of”

12.395 Down, Below, Beneath

#dad adv. “down”
dadvenn adj. and adv. “downhill; (figuratively) easy-going, easy, not arduous”
dadvinn n. “downhill slope; rash course, impetus, path to destruction”
nofn adj. “down, set”

12.3955 In Front

ant n. “face, front, forward surface”

12.396 Behind, At the Rear

bod adv. “back”
bod- pref. “back”
bôn n. “back”
poi n. “aft (on a ship)”
poiant n. “stern”

12.398 To, Towards

athra- v. “to face, look in a certain direction, oppose”
ven n. “toward”

12.399 From, Away

hin prep. “from”

12.43 Near (adj)

neb adv. “near”
neibio adv. “nearly, almost”

12.44 Far (adj)

ech adv. “far away”
eg adv. “far, †wide”
egos n. “distance”
egren adj. “distant”

12.46 West

#núnad- v. “to wester”
núnadol n. “westering”

12.48 South

harn ? “[unglossed]”

12.51 Form, Shape (n)

cadog adj. “?shapely”

12.55 Big, Large, Great

beleg adj. “great, large, huge”

12.61 Wide, Broad

egall adj. “very broad”
eglann adj. “very wide”
gall adj. “wide, broad”
lhann adj. “broad”

12.63 Thick (in Dimension)

dolch adj. “stout, thick”

12.65 Thin (in Dimension)

minedh adj. “fine, slender, thin, small”
tlui adj. “slender”

12.71 Flat

lhaden adj. “flat, smooth”
thain adj. “level, even”

12.73 Straight

tain² adj. “straight”

12.74 Crooked

gaug adj. “crooked”

12.81 Round (adj)

crigen adj. “circular”
crithui adj. “circular”

12.82 Circle

craith n. “circle”
crithos n. “ring”
gwerin n. “enclosure”
rhim n. “ring, circle”

12.83 Sphere

corn¹ n. “round ball”

12.85 Hole

tonn n. “(bored) hole, perforation”
tunneb adj. “full of holes, riddles”

12.92 Like, Similar

a prep. “like”
goneb adj. “similar”

13. Quantity and Number

13.11 Amount, Quantity

inathui adj. “innumerable”
nod- v. “to count”
ornoth adj. “innumerable, without number, countless, numberless”

13.12 Number

noth n. “number”

13.15 Much, Many

lhî n. “many, a number”
odog adj. “much, abundant; large in quantity”

13.16 More

diant adv. “most”
goriad adj. “greater”

13.17 Few, Little

lhigen adj. “small, few, little”
mig adj. “little (of amount)”

13.18 Enough

farn ? “[unglossed]”
garadren adj. “having room for, convenient, adequate, opportune”

13.182 to Suffice

gair- v. “there is room (for)”

13.19 Crowd, Multitude

drim n. “host, countless number”
hoth n. “host, folk”

13.32 One

mind num. card. “?one”

13.34 First

ungorod adj. “without a chief”
urorod adj. “without chief”

13.54 Cardinal Number

eneg num. card. “*six”
leme num. card. “*five”

14. Time

14.11 Time (period)

lhû n. “[unglossed]”

14.12 Age

born n. “great age, age, period”

14.15 Old

sair adj. “aged, ancient”
sairos n. “great age”
sairothwen n. “antiquity”

14.21 Fast, Swift, Quick

arog adj. “swift”
caiw adj. “lively, quick”
flind adj. “fleet-footed, swift”
oroth n. “impetus, speed, haste, rash courage”

14.23 to Hurry, Hasten

rhaid n. “a rush(ing)”
rhaid- v. “to rush, hustle”

14.27 to Finish

crann- v. “to finish, complete, accomplish”
cranthir adj. “perfect”
thîr adj. “complete, full, accomplished, ended, up to the required number”
#thirad- v. “to make complete, fill in the last details”
thiradant adj. “elaborately finished”

14.29 Ready (adj)

marn adj. “?ripe”

14.35 Again

avod adv. “again, back again, in return”

14.355 Past, Ago

dim adj. “bygone, past, ancient”
#dimvorn n. “past ages”

14.42 Night

fuin n. “night”
urfuin adj. “nightless”

14.43 Dawn

amrost n. “rising, (esp.) sunrise”
galad n. “dawn”

14.462 Dusk

umboth n. “twilight”

14.76 Summer

awest n. “summer”

15. Sense Perception

15.21 to Smell (subj)

maethon adj. “snuffling”
#magradh- v. “?to smell”

15.26 Stinking, Bad Smelling

golw n. “stink, stench”
golwad- v. “to stink”
golwai adj. “stinking”

15.35 Sweet

tyth adj. “sweet (to the taste)”

15.38 Sour, Acidic

cîr adj. “sour, curdled”
cirtha- v. “to turn sour (tr.)”

15.56 to Shine, Glisten

agladhren adj. “radiant”

15.57 Bright

glarw n. “ray, radiance”
#glarweb adj. “bright, light”
glavaith n. “blaze, burning, blazing light”
glavaitha- v. “to blaze”

15.62 Light in Color

lhui adj. “pale”
nimp adj. “wan, pale, sickly”

15.65 Black

morn adj. “black, dark”

15.66 Red

lhaur adj. “red”

15.67 Blue

nainn adj. “blue”

15.68 Green

lhaiw adj. “green”

15.69 Yellow

malen adj. “pale, wan, yellowish, sickly”
malw adj. “yellow”

15.74 Hard

idanc adj. “masked, *not firm”
tham(b) adj. “rigid”
tharn ? “[unglossed]”

15.75 Soft

gwag¹ adj. “soft”

15.76 Rough

arch adj. “rough”
archos n. “roughness, ruggedness, rudeness”

15.77 Smooth

glaithraith n. “polisher (feminine)”
glathra- v. “to polish”
glathrog n. “polisher”
hûn adj. “polished, burnished, shining”
huntha- v. “to burnish, polish”

15.78 Sharp

lhaig adj. “sharp”

15.81 Heavy, Weighty

lhung n. “heavy”

15.82 Light, Nimble

dalhung adj. “not heavy”
gog¹ adj. “nimble”

15.83 Wet, Damp

haith adj. “moist, wet”
lhim(p) adj. “wet”
nûd adj. “wet”

15.84 Dry, Arid

tarch adj. “dry”
tarf adj. “dry”

15.85 Hot, Warm

oren adj. “hot (weather)”

15.86 Cold, Frigid

carch adj. “chilly”
harch adj. and n. “chill, cold”
lhing adj. “cool”

15.87 Pure, Clean

glann adj. “clean”
puig adj. “clean”

15.88 Dirty, Soiled

dafuig adj. “dirty”

15.89 Sticky; Gum

glib adj. “sticky”

16. Emotion

16.14 Care (n)

yrith adj. “care-free”

16.15 Wonder, Astonishment

elvain(n) adj. and n. “wondrous, marvelous, wonderful; wonder(ful thing), marvel”
elven n. “wonder, wonderment”
elvennai adj. “wonderful, marvelous”

16.17 Fortune (Good or Bad)

am(b)red adj. “fated”
am(m)arth n. “fate”
garthant adj. “placed, appointed, ordained, decreed”

16.19 Misfortune

balhant n. “illfated stroke”

16.24 Happy; Happiness

gair adj. “merry”

16.25 to Laugh

gairion n. “jester”
gairuid adj. “funny”
gairwen adj. “mirth, fun”
meilien n. “laughing”
urduf adj. “humorless”

16.26 to Play

teilian n. “sport, play, game; jest, mockery”

16.31 Pain, Suffering

aidh n. “pain, anguish, woe”
naich n. “pain”
naigros n. “anguish”
narw n. “pain”

16.36 Sad

dangair adj. “mirthless”

16.37 to Cry, Weep

nîn n. “weeping”
nírnaith n. “weeping”

16.38 Tear (n)

nîr¹ n. “tear”

16.41 Hate (n)

glam(m) [ng-] n. “hatred”

16.43 Rage, Fury

boir [mb-] adj. and n. “hot, raging; heat, rage”
bordh [mb-] n. and adj. “heat, rage; hot, raging, wroth”
brann adj. “fierce”
branwen n. “ferocity”
graim adj. “?fierce”
grug adj. “angry, grieved”
gruith n. “anger, resentment”

16.44 Envy, Jealousy

ballam adj. “with evil malicious tongue”

16.45 Shame (n)

hai n. “scorn”

16.47 Fame, Glory

aglar n. “glory”
aglareb n. “glorious”

16.48 Proud

balthanc adj. “obstinate”
balvlaud n. “overweening pride”
blaud n. “pride”
blodren adj. “arrogant”
orvlod adj. “without pride, spiritless”

16.52 Brave, Courageous

ne(i)rion n. “hero”
orthalos adj. “courageless”
thala adj. “valiant, hardy, bold”
thalion n. “warrior, hero”
thalos n. “valour, courage”

16.53 Fear, Fright

barch n. “horror”
barcheb adj. “horrible”
delu adj. “horrible, loathly”
gost n. “fear”
pant¹ n. “fear”
pathren adj. “fearful”

16.61 to Will, Wish

coth n. “wish”

16.622 Desire

gag adj. “greedy”
gagros n. “greed”
gagrosaith n. “greed”

16.65 Faithful

boron adj. “steadfast”
brond adj. “firm”
bronnuin n. “steadfastness”
nuimrond n. “steadfastness”

16.68 Deceit

bland n. “deceit, lie”
orvlann adj. “without deceit”

16.71 Good

maint adv. “*better”
maur adj. “good”
muint n. “best thing”

16.72 Bad

damor adj. “no good”
feg adj. “bad”

16.74 Wrong (adj)

bal- [mb-] pref. “evil-”
balthir n. “evil king”
balwidhion n. “?bad husband”

16.81 Beautiful

gwannen adj. “?beautiful”
gwant adj. and n. “?beautiful”

16.99 Emotion (other)

elirdhi n. “cruelty”
olerdh adj. “pitiless, cruel, (lit.) without bowels”

17. Mind and Thought

17.11 Mind

nuin¹ n. “mind, thought”

17.17 to Know

gist- v. “to know”
gwaist- v. “to be aware, recognize”

17.18 to Seem

gonebedach- v. “to approach one another, to become like, resemble”

17.21 Wise

#gûl [ng-] n. “wisdom”

17.22 Stupid, Foolish

gagl adj. “foolish”
u(r)ngúl adj. “without wisdom”

17.27 Teacher

sairweg n. “old man, sage”

17.36 Secret

dîr n. “secret”

17.37 Sure, Certain

tanc adj. “firm, steady, steadfast”
tangad- v. “to fix, make firm”
tangod n. “fixing, confirming, making”
tangos n. “firmness, steadiness”
tengedion n. “confirmer, fixer, establisher”

18. Language and Music

18.12 to Sing

#gol- v. “to sing”
gôl n. “song”

18.13 to Shout, Cry Out

garw n. “shout”

18.14 Various Cries

ai interj. “cry of pain or woe”

18.21 to Speak, Talk

glab- v. “to babble”
#glaba- v. “to babble”
glabadol adj. “chattering, talkative”
glabros n. “babble, chatter, babel, din of voices”
glabroseb adj. “full of the din of voices”
glebe(i)dion n. “a vain talker”

18.22 to Say

ped- v. “to say”
peidion n. “sayer, soothsayer”
pess n. “saying, to say, a saying, [sic.] saw”
sairweigian n. “proverbial wisdom, sage saying”

18.23 to be Silent

daw interj. “hush, be silent”

18.24 Language

lham(b) n. “tongue”

18.26 Word

peth n. “word”
ufeth adj. “without a word”
urbeth adj. “wordless”

18.56 Paper

fadhw n. “parchment”

18.63 Line (n)

n. “line”

18.68 Tale, Story

cwent n. “?tale”

19. Social Relations

19.11 Country, Nation

dôr [nd-] n. “land, country”

19.15 Town, City

gwâr n. “town”
ost n. “city”

19.17 Boundary

cai ? “[unglossed]”
helai n. “fence”

19.21 People, Populace

gwaith n. “people, men, folk”
lhai n. “folk, host, people”

19.32 King

idir n. “no king”
tîr n. “king”
turhod n. “throne”

19.35 Prince

nîr² n. “hero, prince, warrior-elf”
thing n. “prince”

19.36 Noble, Nobleman

dain¹ adj. “high, noble, lofty, sublime, divine”

19.41 Master

doirion n. “lord (of a certain district), chief”
gorod¹ n. “chief, lord, master; size, might”
hîr n. “lord”

19.42 Slave

drog n. “slave”
udhrog adj. “without slaves”
u(r)dhrog adj. “without slaves”

19.44 Free (adj)

darhod adj. “not free”
rheidiant adj. “set free”

19.52 Foe, Enemy

enne(i)rion n. “adversary, rival”

19.54 Neighbor

nebmerion n. “neighbour”
nebuin n. “neighbour (fem.)”
nebweb n. “neighbour”

19.62 Strife, Quarrel

oith n. “feud”

20. Warfare and Hunting

20.11 to Fight

sag- v. “to fight”

20.17 Soldier

aithr¹ n. “spearman, warrior”
e(i)ngion n. “spearman, †warrior”
eithron n. “warrior”

20.23 Sling

tlaiw n. “sling”

20.25 Arrow

lhinn n. “arrow”
yrlhinn adj. “arrowless”

20.26 Spear

anc n. “spear”

20.27 Sword

dailir n. “cleaver”
megil n. “†sword”
segeth n. “sword”
uraithr adj. “swordless”

20.31 Armor

garion n. “hauberk”

20.32 Corslet, Breastplate

am(b)os n. “breastplate”

20.33 Helmet

caul n. “helmet”

20.34 Shield

alch n. “shield”

20.41 Victory

turu- v. “to master”

21. Law and Judgment

21.37 Penalty, Punishment

bodruith n. “revenge”

21.395 Exile, Outlaw

difedhui adj. “?outlaw”

21.44 Rape, Violation

maith n. “ravishment; seizure”
maitha- v. “to ravish”
maithion n. “seizer, ravisher”
maithod n. “rapture”
maithweg n. “ravisher”
orvaith¹ adj. “unravished”

22. Religion and Beliefs

22.13 Temple

alcor n. “temple”

22.31 Heaven

telingail n. “sign of heaven”

22.32 Hell

band [mb-] n. “hell”

22.35 Demon, Evil Spirit

graug n. “demon”

22.42 Magic, Witchcraft, Sorcery

curw n. “magic”
luith n. “magic, spell”

22.44 Elf, Fairy

Golodh [ng-] n. “Gnome, Deep-elf”
Goloth [ng-] n. “gnome”
Gwenn n. “Elf”
Im n. “a royal elf (high-elf), fairy”
o(r)ngolodh adj. “without gnomes”
Uidhel n. “elf, fairy”

22.442 Dwarf

naugl n. “dwarf”

22.446 Orc, Goblin

engluid coll. “Stonefaces”
orch n. “orc, goblin”

22.447 Dragon

gonnas n. “dragon’s lair”
gunn n. “dragon”

22.45 Ghost, Specter, Phantom

oif n. “terror, horror; (evil) phantom, ghost”

23. Grammar

23.1 Article

i article. “the”

23.2 Negation

au adv. “*negative”
dan- pref. “negative prefix attached to adjectives”
i- pref. “negative”
or- pref. “privative prefix, without, -less”
um- v. “privative prefix; un-, -less, without”

23.3 Preposition

a(n) prep. “of (the)”
dir prep. “through, over”
heb prep. “about; ?from”
na prep. “of”
o prep. “*than; of”
ô prep. “to, on”
os prep. “*around”

23.7 Comparative, Intensive

agos adv. “very”
balodog adj. “too much”
-iad suf. “comparative ending”
-iant suf. “superlative ending”

23.8 Conjunction

en conj. “*then”

23.9 Affix

#-eb suf. “adjectival suffix”
#-ion suf. “*agental suffix”
-rod suf. “abstract nom[inals]”
-tha suf. “causative suffix”
#-ui suf. “adjective suffix”