N. Hadhafang pn. “Throng-cleaver”
Noldorin name for ᴹQ. Sangahyando appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s, as combination of hâdh “*cleaver” and thang “throng” (Ety/SYAD, STAG). It was dissimilated from the older form †Hadhathang; Tolkien also listed a variant dissimilation havathang (Ety/STAG).
Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, the Gnomish equivalent of ᴱQ. Sangahyando was given as G. Hanthang, G. Sangair and (rejected) Thangairo[s?], with the last letter unreadable in the third variant (GL/48, 67, 72).
References ✧ Ety/STAG, SYAD; EtyAC/STAG
|†hâdh||“*cleaver”||✧ Ety/SYAD (†hâð)|
|thang||“compulsion, duress, need, oppression”|
|ᴹ√SYAD¹||“shear through, cleave (through)”||✧ Ety/STAG|
|ᴹ✶stangā||“throng, crowd, press”||✧ Ety/STAG|
|ᴹ√STAG||“press, compress”||✧ Ety/SYAD|
G. Hanthang pn.
References ✧ GL/48, 67
|†hanna-||“to mow, cleave”||✧ GL/48 (†hanna-)|
|thang||“a crowd, crush, herd”|
G. Sangair pn.
Reference ✧ GL/67