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S. nethel n. “sister” (Category: Sister)

S. nethel, n. “sister” (Category: Sister)

A word for “sister” coined by Tolkien in notes on Eldarin Hands, Fingers and Numerals from the late 1960s, based on the root √NETH of similar meaning and replacing the archaic form of the word †nîth (VT47/12, 14). The diminutive/affectionate form nethig “[little] sister” was used as a play name for the fourth finger (VT48/6); Tolkien considered an alternate diminutive netheg (VT47/14, 32) and also considered giving this diminutive an alternate meaning “little girl” (VT47/15, 33); see S. neth for discussion.

Conceptual Development: The Etymologies of the 1930s had N. thêl “sister” from the root ᴹ√THEL or THELES (Ety/THEL), and the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had G. hethir “sister” from the early root ᴱ√HESE¹ [HEÞE] (GL/48; QL/40). See those entries for discussion.

Reference ✧ VT47/14

Related

Elements

nîth “sister” ✧ VT47/14 (†nîth)

S. nethig n. “sister, girl (diminutive)” (Category: Sister)

See S. nethel for discussion.

References ✧ VT47/14-15, 32-33; VT48/6

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

neth “(little) girl; sister (diminutive)” ✧ VT47/14; VT47/33
-eg¹ “diminutive/singular ending”
-i(n)ki “diminutive suffix” ✧ VT47/14 (-iki)

Cognates


S. †nîth n. “sister” (Category: Sister)

See S. nethel for discussion.

References ✧ VT47/14

Glosses

Related

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

nēthā > nîth [nētʰā] > [nētʰa] > [nēθa] > [nīθa] > [nīθ] ✧ VT47/14