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KWAL root. “die, pain”

KWAL root. “die, pain, [ᴹ√] die in pain”

This root was connected to death and pain through Tolkien’s life. Its first appearance was as ᴱ√QALA “die” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, with derivatives like ᴱQ. qalin “dead, dying” and ᴱQ. qalme “death” (QL/76). The latter appeared as ᴱQ. qalme “agony” in word lists from the 1920s (PE16/144). In The Etymologies of the 1930s Tolkien gave the root as ᴹ√KWAL “die (in pain)”, again with ᴹQ. qalin “dead” and ᴹQ. qalme “agony, death” among other derivatives (Ety/KWAL).

The root was appeared in both versions of the Tengwesta Qenderinwa from the 1930s (TQ1) and circa 1950 (TQ2) with the glosses “die” (TQ1: PE18/42, 58, 65; TQ2: PE18/103) and “pain” (TQ2: PE18/91). In TQ2 Tolkien connected it to similar roots √GWAL “suffer torment” and √KWEL “fade, die away, grow faint” (PE18/103). Somewhat interestedly, Tolkien gave almost no Sindarin or Noldorin derivatives of this root, indicating it probably fell out of use, most likely crowded out by derivatives of √PAL.

References ✧ PE18/91-92, 103; PE19/78

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ᴹ√KWAL root. “die (in pain)”

See √KWAL for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KWAL, WAN; PE18/42, 58, 65

Glosses

Related

Derivatives


ᴱ√QALA root. “die”

See √KWAL for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Qalmë-Tári; QL/76

Glosses

Derivatives