S. Amras m. “Top-russet”
Twin brother of Amrod and second(?) youngest of the sons of Fëanor (it is unclear which of the twins was born first). The name is a compound of am “up” and ross² “red-haired” (PM/353, VT41/10), an adaption of his Quenya nickname Q. Ambarussa. In a few places the name appears as Amros (PM/366, VT41/10), closer to its Sindarin elements.
Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, this character was first named G. Dinithel (LT2/251), revised in the Lays of Beleriand to ᴱN. Durithel, then ᴱN. Díriel (LB/86). The name remained N. Díriel in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, and the form Diriel (with a short i) appeared in The Etymologies (Ety/DER, GYEL). The name was revised to Amras in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (WJ/197).
References ✧ LT2/251; LT2I; MRI/Amrod; PM/353, 366; PMI/Ambarussa, Amras, Amros; SI; SMI/Amras, Díriel; VT41/10; WJ/197; WJI
N. Díriel m.
Earlier name for Amras appearing in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/15, LR/223). The form Diriel (with a short i) appeared in The Etymologies as a derivative of ON. Dirghel (Ety/DER, GYEL), perhaps meaning “*Man-joy”.
See S. Amras for further discussion.
References ✧ Ety/DER, GYEL; LRI; LT2/251; LT2I/Amras, Díriel; MRI/Amrod, Damrod; SMI/Amras, Díriel; WJ/197; WJI; WR/161; WRI
|†dîr||“man, adult male; agental suffix”||✧ Ety/DER|
|ᴹ√(N)DER||“adult male, man; bridegroom”||✧ Ety/GYEL (DER)|
|ᴹ√GYEL||“*cry of joy or triumph”||✧ Ety/GYEL|
|ON. Dirghel > Diriel||[dirgel] > [dirɣel] > [diriel]||✧ Ety/DER|
ᴱN. Díriel m.
References ✧ LBI/Dinithel, Díriel