ᴹQ. passive participle grammar.

ᴹQ. passive participle grammar.

Examples (passive-participle)
ampanŏtaina [← ampanóta-] ✧ PE22/118
karĭna “made” [← kar-] ✧ PE22/107
karina [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karina [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karina “made” [← kar-] ✧ PE22/111
karina “made” [← kar-] ✧ VT43/15
qessenen “by name” [← esse¹] ✧ PE22/124
estaina “named” [← esta-¹] ✧ PE22/124
qestaina “named” [← esta-¹] ✧ PE22/124
farina “hunted” [← fara-] ✧ PE22/111
istāna “known” [← ista-] ✧ PE22/107
istina [← ista-] ✧ PE22/114
istana [← ista-] ✧ PE22/114
liruna ← liru ✧ PE22/117
?lirunta ← liru ✧ PE22/117
matina “eaten” [← mat-] ✧ PE22/107
nahtina [← nahta-] ✧ PE22/114
nótina “counted” [← not-] ✧ LR/72
ortana [← orta-¹] ✧ PE22/114
palkina [← palka-] ✧ PE22/114
perina ← perya- ✧ Ety/PER
siryana [← sirya-] ✧ PE22/114
sulpina [← sulpa-] ✧ PE22/114
taltana [← talta-] ✧ PE22/114
hostainiéva “is numbered” [← hosta-] stative-future ✧ LR/72

Examples (imperfect-passive-participle)
ampanaina “while it was being built” [← #ampan-] ✧ PE22/108
ampananta [← #ampan-] ✧ PE22/108
káraina “being made” [← kar-] ✧ PE22/108
karanta “being made” [← kar-] ✧ PE22/108
karaina [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karanta [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karanta [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
faraina ← fara- ✧ PE22/116
faranta ← fara- ✧ PE22/116
istaina [← ista-] ✧ PE22/108
istanta [← ista-] ✧ PE22/108
istanta [← ista-] ✧ PE22/115
istaina [← ista-] ✧ PE22/115
mátaina [← mat-] ✧ PE22/108
matanta [← mat-] ✧ PE22/108
nahtaina “being killed” [← nahta-] ✧ PE22/115
orhalaina “being raised up” [← orhal-] ✧ PE22/108
orhalanta “being raised up” [← orhal-] ✧ PE22/108
ortaina [← orta-¹] ✧ PE22/108
ortanta [← orta-¹] ✧ PE22/108
sulpaina [← sulpa-] ✧ PE22/115
tyávaina [← tyav-] ✧ PE22/108
tyavanta [← tyav-] ✧ PE22/108

Examples (perfect-passive-participle)
kárienwa “having been made” [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
kárienwa [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
(a)kárienwa [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
{a}kárienwa [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
sintienwa “having been known” ← sinte (past) ✧ PE22/115
mátienwa “having been eaten” [← mat-] ✧ PE22/109
mantienwa [← mat-] ✧ PE22/109
(a)mátienwa [← mat-] ✧ PE22/109
amantienwa [← mat-] ✧ PE22/109
túlienwa “having arrived” [← tul-] ✧ PE22/109

Examples (future-passive-participle)
alavaina ← oláva (future) ✧ PE22/109
alavanta [← ala-] ✧ PE22/109
karuvaina “going to be made” [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karuvaina [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karuvanta “going to be made” [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karuvanta [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
karuvanta [← kar-] ✧ PE22/109
istuvaina [← ista-] ✧ PE22/109
istuvanta [← ista-] ✧ PE22/109
keluvaina ← kelúva (future) ✧ PE22/109
keluvanta [← kelu-] ✧ PE22/109
matuvaina [← mat-] ✧ PE22/109
matuvanta [← mat-] ✧ PE22/109
ortavaina ← ortáva (future) ✧ PE22/109
ortavanta [← orta-¹] ✧ PE22/109
ortuvaina [← orta-²] ✧ PE22/109
ortuvanta [← orta-²] ✧ PE22/109

References ✧ PE22/100, 107-109, 111

Element In


ᴱQ. passive participle grammar.

Examples (passive-participle)
tŭlĭna [← tulu-] ✧ PE16/128
tulvalya(nt) [← tulu-] future ✧ PE14/30
qetsime “were told” [← qet-] past ✧ PE14/54
qensiēma [← qet-] past ✧ PE14/54
rautanēma “stolen” [← rauta-] past ✧ PE14/54
tuliēla [← tulu-] past ✧ PE14/30
tulielya(nt) [← tulu-] past ✧ PE14/30
tulinwa [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/128
tulīna [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/128
tūlila [← tulu-] present ✧ PE14/30
tūlilya(nt) [← tulu-] present ✧ PE14/30