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N. hethw adj. “foggy, obscure, vague” (Category: Mist, Fog, Haze)

⚠️N. hethw, adj. “foggy, obscure, vague” (Category: Mist, Fog, Haze)
ᴺS. ^hethu “foggy, obscure, vague”

An adjective in The Etymologies of the 1930s given as N. hethw “foggy, obscure, vague” derived from primitive ᴹ✶khithwa under the root ᴹ√KHITH “mist, fog” (Ety/KHIS; EtyAC/KHIS).

Conceptual Development: G. huir “foggy” from the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s is a likely precursor (GL/49), perhaps derived from a (hypothetical) early root *ᴱ√HUYU.

Neo-Sindarin: If adapted to Neo-Sindarin, this word would become ᴺS. hethu, as suggested in Hiswelókë’s Sindarin Dictionary (HSD).

Reference ✧ Ety/KHIS ✧ “foggy, obscure, vague”



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶khithwa > hethw [kʰitʰwa] > [xitʰwa] > [xiθwa] > [xeθwa] > [xeθw] > [heθw] > [heθu] ✧ Ety/KHIS

ᴱN. blaithren adj. “foggy” (Category: Mist, Fog, Haze)

A word for “foggy” in Early Noldorin Word-lists from the 1920s, an adjectival form of ᴱN. blaith “fog” (PE13/139).

References ✧ PE13/139




blaithrin plural ✧ PE13/139


blaith “fog, gloomy mist” ✧ PE13/139

G. huir adj. “foggy” (Category: Mist, Fog, Haze)

See N. hethw for discussion.

Reference ✧ GL/49 ✧ “foggy”