S. Narog loc.
A river in Beleriand (S/120), an adaptation of its Khuzdul name narâg meaning “black” (PE17/37).
Conceptual Development: The name ᴱN. Narog first appeared in a marginal note in the earliest Lost Tales (LT2/244, note #15), and was translated “Torrent” in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/61). The adjective ᴱN. narog “violent (of water, rain, etc.), torrential” appeared in Early Noldorin word list from this same period (PE13/150).
In The Etymologies from the 1930s, N. Narog was derived from primitive ᴹ✶narāka “rushing, rapid, violent”, similar to its earlier meaning (Ety/NÁRAK). Its derivation from Khuzdul appeared in Tolkien’s Words, Phrases and Passages from the Lord of the Rings from the late 1950s or early 1960s (PE17/37). Elsewhere in these notes he considered deriving it from (untranslated) Kh. naruka instead (PE17/47).
References ✧ Let/282; PE17/37, 47; PMI; RSI; S/114; SA/os(t); SI; UTI; WJ/414; WJI
|Kh. Narâg > Narog||[narāka] > [narǭka] > [narauka] > [narauk] > [naraug] > [narog]||✧ PE17/37|
|Kh. ‽naruka > Narog||[naruka] > [naroka] > [narok] > [narog]||✧ PE17/47|
N. Narog loc.
References ✧ Ety/NÁRAK; LR/254; LRI; SMI; TII
|ᴹ✶narāka > Narog||[narāka] > [narǭka] > [narouka] > [narauka] > [narauk] > [naraug] > [narog]||✧ Ety/NÁRAK|