N. herves n. “wife” (Category: Wife)
A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s for “wife”, a combination of ᴹ√KHER “govern” and N. bess “woman” (which itself archaically meant “wife”), the latter element based on the root ᴹ√BES “wed” (Ety/BES, KHER).
Conceptual Development: A precursor to this word was ᴱQ. herivesti “wife, *lady spouse” from Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, which was assembled from elements similar to N. herves, but in the Qenya branch of the language instead.
Neo-Sindarin: In later writings, Tolkien seems to have revised ᴹ√BES > √BER as the basis for marriage words (VT49/45). However, I prefer to retain the 1930s root ᴹ√BES and would therefore use herves for “wife”. However, in later writings Tolkien also used the short form bess for “wife” as well (SD/129), so I consider herves to be more formal.
References ✧ Ety/BES, KHER
|ᴹ√KHER||“rule, govern, possess”||✧ Ety/BES|
|bess||“woman; †wife”||✧ Ety/BES|
|ᴹ√KHER > hervess||[kʰerbesse] > [xerbesse] > [xervesse] > [xervess] > [hervess] > [herves]||✧ Ety/KHER|
A word in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “wife” (QL/40), a combination of ᴱQ. heri “lady” and a feminized form of ᴱQ. vesta “marriage”, the female equivalent of ᴱQ. heruvesto “(lord) husband” from the same entry.
Reference ✧ QL/40 ✧ “wife”
|vesta||“state of marriage”|