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G. hest n. “brother or sister, *sibling; †consanguinity” (Category: Sibling)

A word appearing as G. hest in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s for “brother or sister” [sibling], but “properly consanguinity, the relationship of brother and sister, or brother and brother, etc.” (GL/48); this original meaning seems to be archaic, transferred to G. hestri or G. gochestri. This word is derived from the early root ᴱ√heth¹ (GL/48).

Neo-Sindarin: For purposes of Neo-Sindarin, I would retain the word ᴺS. hest as a derivative of the Neo-Root ᴺ√KHETH to serve as a gender-neutral term for “sibling”.

References ✧ GL/40, 48




chest soft-mutation; h-mutation ✧ GL/40

Element In



Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√heth¹ > hest [xeθt] > [heθt] > [hest] ✧ GL/48