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TA root. “that, there, then; demonstrative”

TA root. “that, there, then; demonstrative”

Tolkien used the root √TA for Elvish demonstratives for much of his life, but in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, ᴱ√TA “demonstrative” (with variant ᴱ√TAMA²) had derivatives like ᴱQ. tāma “this” and ᴱQ. tamīne “today” (QL/87). This ᴱ√TA seems to be a near demonstrative “this”, as opposed to ᴱ√E “that (by you)” for far demonstratives (QL/87), the latter reappearing in later writings as a “very far” demonstrative ᴹ√EN “yonder, over there”.

By The Etymologies of the 1930s, ᴹ√TA had switch from “this” to “that”, with derivatives like ᴹQ. tana “that (anaphoric)” and ᴹQ. tar/ON. “thither” (Ety/TA). √TA continued to appear regularly in Tolkien’s later writings with senses like “that, there, then”.

References ✧ PE17/93, 186; PE18/84, 95; VT48/19

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ᴹ√TA root. “that”

See √TA for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/TA; PE18/33, 60

Glosses

Derivatives


ᴱ√TA root. “demonstrative”

See √TA for discussion.

References ✧ QL/87

Glosses

Variations

Derivatives