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ET root. “out, forth”

ET root. “out, forth”

The various roots for “out” retained similar forms in Tolkien’s development of the Elvish languages. The earliest such roots were ᴱ√ERE and ᴱ√ESE “out” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s (QL/36). Tolkien wrote a Ð above ᴱ√ERE indicating its true form was ᴱ√EÐE, as confirmed by Gnomish derivatives like G. edh “outside, near borders of, near, hard by, beside” (GL/31). This root became ᴹ√ET “out, forth” in The Etymologies of the 1930s (Ety/ET) and it continued to appear with this form and meaning in Tolkien’s later writings (PE17/152, 167; PE18/88; PE21/70; VT48/25).

References ✧ PE17/152, 167; PE18/88; PE21/70; VT48/25

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ᴹ√ET root. “out, forth”

See √ET for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ET, ETER; PE18/38

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ᴱ√EÐE¹ root. “out”

See √ET for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Eruman, Neni Erúmëar; QL/36

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