S. paran adj. “bare, naked; smooth, shaven” (Category: Naked, Bare)
A word for “bare, naked” appearing in notes from the late 1950s and early 1960s to explain the name Dol Baran. This name was originally intended to be “*Brown Hill” with the second element N. baran “brown”; see N. Dolbaran from The Etymologies of the 1930s, which had baran as its second element (Ety/BARÁN). This meaning survived until Tolkien was working on the index to The Lord of the Rings (RC/433), but there he recognized this was problematic because the adjective baran should be mutated to varan. To resolve this quandary, Tolkien coined paran from the root √PAR “peel”, and this new adjective was variously glossed “smooth, shaven” (RC/433), “bare” (PE17/86) or “bare, naked” (PE17/171).
Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had some similar “bare” words: G. falt “bare” (GL/33) and fôl “empty, bare — leafless, esp. of trees” (GL/35), both based on the early root ᴱ√FALA “bare, nude” (QL/37).
References ✧ PE17/86, 171; RC/433
|Baran||soft-mutation; p-mutation||✧ PE17/86; RC/433|
|Baran||soft-mutation; p-mutation||“bare, naked”||✧ PE17/171|
|√PAR > paran||[parane] > [paran]||✧ PE17/86|
|✶PARAN > Baran||[parane] > [paran]||✧ PE17/171|
Reference ✧ GL/33 ✧ “bare”
|ᴱ√fal-² > falt||[ɸalt] > [falt] > [falθ] > [falt]||✧ GL/33|