Q. Finwë m.
The first lord of the Noldor (S/52). His name is an ancient compound of uncertain meaning. Its final element is the suffix -wë common in ancient names (PM/340). Its initial element is probably derived from the root √PHIN¹ “clever, skillful” (PE17/17, Ety/PHIN), though it was sometimes affiliated with derivatives of the root √SPIN(ID) “fine thread, filament; hair” (PE17/17, 119) after it developed in Common Eldarin into phin- (PM/340).
His name appears as an element in the Quenya names of many of his children and grandchildren, either incorporated directly or alluded too via the element findë “hair” < √SPIN(ID), as in Findecáno (PM/345). In the Sindarin names of his descendants, the element S. fin also alluded to his name (VT41/10).
Conceptual Development: This name appears in the earliest Lost Tales in exactly the same form, though ᴱQ. Finwe was not at first the father of Feanor (LT1/115, 145). Christopher Tolkien suggested the earliest form of this name was derived from the root ᴱ√FINI “*cunning” (LT1A/Finwë). In The Etymologies, the name ᴹQ. Finwe is given as an ancient combination of the roots ᴹ√PHIN and ᴹ√WEG (Ety/PHIN, WEG), basically the same as its later derivation.
References ✧ MR/217, 230, 258; MRI; PE17/17, 39, 118; PM/340, 343-344, 353, 365; PMI; RSI; SI; UTI; VT41/10; WJI
|√PHIN¹||“clever, skillful; neat, fine, delicate; skill, dexterity”||✧ PE17/17|
|-wë||“ancient name suffix (usually but not always masculine)”||✧ PM/340|
|√SPIN(ID)||“fine thread, filament; hair”||✧ PM/340 (fin-)|
ᴹQ. Finwe m.
References ✧ Ety/PHIN, WEG; EtyAC/PHIN; LRI/Finwë; PE21/1, 41; PE22/20; SMI/Finwë
|Finwénen||instrumental; prosodic-lengthening||✧ PE21/41|
|[Fin]wéva||possessive; prosodic-lengthening||✧ PE21/41|
|ᴹ√PHIN||“nimbleness, skill”||✧ Ety/PHIN; Ety/WEG|
|-we²||“abstract suffix”||✧ Ety/WEG|
|ᴹ√WEG||“(manly) vigour”||✧ Ety/PHIN|
|-we¹||“masculine suffix”||✧ PE21/1|
ᴱQ. Finwe m.
References ✧ LBI/Finn, Finwë, Finweg; LT1A/Finwë; LT1I/Finwë; SM/13, 85; SMI/Finn