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ᴱQ. falqa n. “(mountain) pass, ravine, cliff, cleft” (Category: Ravine, Pass)

⚠️ᴱQ. falqua, n. “(mountain) pass, ravine, cliff, cleft” (Category: Ravine, Pass)
Q. cirya² “cleft, pass”
ᴹQ. yáwë “ravine, cleft, gully”
ᴺQ. aico “cliff”

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “cleft, cliff, pass in mountains, ravine”, a derivative of ᴱ√FḶKḶ “cleave, hew” (QL/38). It also appeared in the Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa with the gloss “pass, ravine, cliff” (PME/38). In the Name-list to The Fall ofGondolin the word falqa was mentioned as a cognate to G. falc “cleft” (PE15/24) and a variant form falqe appeared as a cognate to ᴱN. falch “cleft, ravine” in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s (PE13/143). There is no mention of the Qenya form thereafter, though its cognate seems to have survived in Sindarin as an element of the name S. Orfalch Echor (S/239).

References ✧ LT2A/Glorfalc; PE13/143; PE15/24; PME/38; QL/38

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Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√FḶKḶ > falqa [fḹkwā] > [fḹkwa] > [falkwa] > [falkʷa] ✧ QL/38