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Q. cirya² n. “cleft, pass” (Category: Ravine, Pass)

Q. cirya², n. “cleft, pass” (Category: Ravine, Pass)
ᴱQ. falqua “(mountain) pass, ravine, cliff, cleft”
ᴱQ. ciris “cleft, crack”
ᴱQ. cisin “cleft”

A noun for a “cleft”, most notably in Calacirya “Light-cleft” as mentioned in the Namárië poem (RGEO/62; LotR/377).

Conceptual Development: In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, this name was ᴹQ. Kalakilya (LR/173; MR/102), and the word ᴹQ. kilya “cleft, pass between hills, gorge” appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s as a derivative of the root ᴹ√KIL “divide” (Ety/KIL). The word kilya also appeared with the gloss “chasm” in Lament of Atalante from the 1930s and 40s (LR/47, 56; SD/247, 310), but at some point when composing the final versions of the Namárië poem Tolkien switched to Calacirya, and he made the same change in later versions of Silmarillion drafts (MR/102).

Neo-Quenya: I’d avoid this word for Neo-Quenya, as it is too easily confused with cirya “ship”.

Reference ✧ RGEO/62 ✧ cirya “cleft”

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴹQ. kilya n. “cleft, pass between hills, gorge; chasm” (Category: Ravine, Pass)

See Q. cirya² for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KIL; LR/47, 56; MR/471; SD/247, 310

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kilyanna allative “in-Chasm” ✧ LR/47; SD/310
kilyanna allative “into-Chasm” ✧ LR/56
ikilyanna definite allative “into chasm” ✧ SD/247

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KIL > kilya [kilya] ✧ Ety/KIL