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ᴱQ. akse (aksi-) n. “steel” (Category: Iron)

A word appearing as ᴱQ. akse “steel” in the English-Qenya Dictionary of the 1920s (PE15/77), also appearing in its partitive form aksínen “of steel” in the Early Qenya Grammar of this same period (PE14/48, 81). Based on its partitive form as well as its adjective form ᴱQ. aksína, I believe its stem form would be aksi-.

Conceptual Development: In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s it was ᴱQ. Y̯akse “steel” (QL/105), while in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon it was {yakse >>} yaisa “steel” (GL/37).

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya I would stick with ᴺQ. axë (axi-) “steel” based on the Neo-Root ᴺ√GAK. This “steel” word does conflict with the later word Q. axë “neck” (PE17/92), but I think a stem form of axi- makes it sufficiently distinct. However, if you are uncomfortable with this, the later word tornanga “hard-iron” might also be used for “steel” (PE17/56).

References ✧ PE14/48, 81; PE15/77




aksinen partitive “of steel” ✧ PE14/81
aksínen partitive “of steel” ✧ PE14/48
aksīnen partitive “steel” ✧ PE15/77

Element In

ᴱQ. yakse¹ n. “steel” (Category: Iron)

See ᴱQ. akse for discussion.

References ✧ GL/37; QL/105




Element In



Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶ı̯aisa > yaisa [jaisā] > [jaisa] ✧ GL/37
ᴱ✶ı̯aksĕ > yakse [jaksē] > [jakse] ✧ GL/37