[Home] » Languages » Neo-Primitive Elvish »  Neo-Primitive Elvish Roots[Search] [← Previous] [Next →][Search]

Ū root. “denial of fact, privation, negative element”

Ū root. “denial of fact, privation, negative element, [ᴱ√] not”

A negative root first mentioned as ᴱ√Ū² “not” in Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with various derivatives in Qenya and Gnomish (QL/96, 98; GL/73). In The Etymologies of the 1930s it became {ᴹ√ƷŪ >>} ᴹ√ or ᴹ√ “no, not”, and in this document had “evil connotations” (Ety/GŪ, MŪ; EtyAC/ƷŪ), but in later writings it again became √Ū (PE17/143; PE22/153). For much of its existence this root was in competition with invertible √LA for negation, but in notes from 1959 Tolkien decided √Ū was the only negative root (PE17/143), though √LA was briefly restored in 1969 (PE22/160) only to be abandoned again (VT44/4). For a full history of Tolkien’s shifting conceptions of negation in Elvish, see the Quenya entry on the negative.

References ✧ PE17/143, 145, 188; PE22/153; VT42/32-33

Glosses

Variations

Related

Derivatives


ᴹ√ root. “no, not”

See √Ū for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GŪ, MŪ, UGU; EtyAC/GŪ, ƷŪ

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Derivatives


ᴱ√Ū² root. “not”

See √Ū for discussion.

References ✧ QL/96, 98

Glosses

Related

Derivatives