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LA root. “no, not; negative; not to be”

LA root. “no, not; negative; not to be”

An invertible root, √LA or √ALA, used for negation. Its earliest iteration was as the primitive negative prefix ᴱ✶ḷ- from the 1910s (GL/50; PE12/11; QL/97). Its first appearance as ᴹ√LA “no, not” was in The Etymologies of the 1930s (Ety/LA), and it regularly appeared in documents from the 1930s, 40s and 50s. Tolkien then abandoned this form of negation in 1959 (PE17/143), but restored it again around 1969 (PE22/160) only to abandon it again shortly after (VT44/4). For a full history of Tolkien’s shifting conceptions of negation in Elvish, see the Quenya entry on the negative.

References ✧ PE17/143, 146, 158; PE18/84, 88; PE22/140, 153, 156; VT42/32-33; VT48/25; VT49/13

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ᴹ√LA root. “no, not; to be not”

See ᴹ√LA for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/AR², LA; EtyAC/ALA, LA; PE18/60; PE22/126

Glosses

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Related

Derivatives