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ᴹQ. kumbe n. “mound, heap” (Category: Mound, Pile)

⚠️ᴹQ. cumbë, n. “mound, heap, [ᴱQ.] pile; load, burden” (Category: Mound, Pile)
Q. hamna “pile, (artificial) mound, [ᴹQ.] heap”

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “mound, heap” derived from the root ᴹ√KUB (Ety/KUB). It is a later iteration of ᴱQ. kúme or kumbe “a pile, heap, load, burden” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s where it was a derivative of ᴱ√KUMU “heap up” (QL/49). Its Noldorin cognate N. cum appeared in the name N. Cûm-na-Dengin “Mound of Slain” in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/312, LR/147), but later this name became S. Haudh-en-Ndengin.

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I’d avoid this word and use Q. hamna instead, the cognate of S. haudh. In later writings the root √KUB was given the new meaning “hide, secrete” (PE22/155).

Reference ✧ Ety/KUB ✧ “mound, heap”




Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KUB > kumbe [kumbe] ✧ Ety/KUB

ᴱQ. kúme n. “pile, heap; load, burden” (Category: Heavy, Weighty)

See ᴹQ. kumbe for discussion.

References ✧ QL/49