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ᴱQ. hyar (hyarm-) n. “plough” (Category: Plough)

A noun appearing as ᴱQ. hyar (hyarm-) “a plough” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√HYAŘA [HYAÐA] “plough through” (QL/41). In the contemporaneous Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa it appeared only as its stem form hyarm- “plough” (PME/41). Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s had ᴱQ. hyarma “a plough” (PE16/144).

Neo-Quenya: The form hyarma conflict with the later word Q. hyarma “left hand”. However, since the later root ᴹ√SYAD had a similar meaning “shear through, cleave” in The Etymologies of the 1930s (Ety/SYAD), I think ᴺQ. hyar “plough” can be salvaged for purposes of Neo-Quenya derived from a primitive form like *syadĕ.

References ✧ LT2A/Gurtholfin; PE16/144; PME/41; QL/41




hyarm- stem “plough” ✧ PME/41
hyarm- stem   ✧ QL/41


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√HYAŘA > hyar [θʲaðmǝ] > [θʲaðm] > [θʲazm] > [θʲarm] > [sjarm] > [j̊arm] > [j̊ar] ✧ QL/41