Q. Arien f. “Maiden of the Sun”
Conceptual Development: When she first appeared, this character’s name was ᴱQ. Urwen(di) “Sun-maiden” (LT1/179, LT1A/Urwen), combining the early name of the Sun, ᴱQ. Ûr, with ᴱQ. wen(di) “maiden”. Her name was later revised to ᴹQ. Úrien¹ (SM/97, SM/170) >> ᴹQ. Árien (SM/99, 168) >> ᴹQ. Arien (LR/243, Ety/AR¹).
In later writings, the name sometimes appeared with the long Á (PE17/148, MR/376) but usually had a short A, and this is the form appearing in the later drafts and published versions of The Silmarillion (MR/136, 198; S/99). In his late notes on the cosmology of Middle Earth, Tolkien consider numerous variant forms for this name: Áren, Ār(i), Ārië, Āzië and even a (rejected) masculine form Auron (MR/376, 380), but none of these variants appeared in the narratives. The early form Úrien also briefly reappeared in some linguistic note from the 1950s (PE21/86).
References ✧ LT1I; MR/136, 198, 376, 380; MRI/Arien, Auron; PE17/148; PE21/86; S/99; SA/arien; SI
|árë||“sunlight, warmth (especially of the sun); day”||✧ PE17/148 (āre)|
|-ien¹||“feminine ending; feminine patronymic, -daughter”|
|√as- > arien||[asien] > [azien] > [arien]||✧ SA/arien|
ᴹQ. Árien f. “Sun-maiden”
References ✧ Ety/AR¹; LR/243; LRI/Arien; PE22/17, 19, 47; SM/99, 168; SMI/Árien, Úrien
ᴹQ. Úrien¹ f. “Sun-maiden”
See Q. Arien for further discussion.
References ✧ LR/243; LRI/Arien, Úrien; SM/97, 99, 170; SMI/Árien, Úrien, Urwen
|Úrin||“Sun, (lit.) Fiery”||✧ SM/97 (Ûr)|
ᴱQ. Urwen(di) f. “Sun-maiden”
References ✧ GL/18, 75; LT1A/Ónen, Ûr, Urwen; LT1I; LT2I; MRI; PE14/15; PME/98; PMI; QL/98; SM/170; SMI/Úrien, Urwen
|Ûr||“Sun, (lit.) Fire”||✧ LT1A/Ûr; LT1A/Urwen; QL/98 (Ur)|
|wen(di)||“maid, girl, maiden”||✧ LT1A/Ónen (-wen); LT1A/Urwen (wendi)|