S. Thingol m. “Greycloak, Greymantle”
Lord of Doriath whose name was translated “Greymantle” (S/56) or “Greycloak” (WJ/410), a combination of thind “grey” (SA/thin(d)) and the lenited form of coll¹ “cloak”.
Conceptual Development: In earliest Lost Tales, this name appeared variously as G. Tintoglin (LT1/131), G. Tinthellon or Tinto’ellon (LT2/50, 61) and G. Tinwelint, the last of these being his most common name in the early tales (LT1/115, LT2/50, GL/70). The name Thingol emerged in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/9) and was used thereafter. In Early Noldorin notes from this period, ᴱN. Thingol contained the word ᴱN. thing “prince” (PE13/154).
In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the name Thingol was designated Doriathrin [Ilkorin], and its second element was first Ilk. gôl¹ “light” (Ety/KAL) and then Ilk. (n)gôl “wise” (Ety/THIN). In Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s, the later meaning of his name “Greycloak” emerged along with its Quenya equivalent Sindicollo (MR/217).
References ✧ LBI/Elu; LotRI; LT1I/Thingol, Tinwelint; LT2I/Elu Thingol; MR/217; MRI; PE17/72, 112; PE21/85; PM/337; PMI/Sindikollo, Thingol; S/56; SA/thin(d); SI/Elwë, Greymantle, Sindar, Singollo, Thingol; UTI/Elu, Thingol; WJ/410; WJI/Elwë, Thingol
|thind||“grey”||✧ PE17/72 (thin(n)); PE17/112 (thin(n)); SA/thin(d) (thin(d))|
|#coll¹||“cloak, mantle”||soft-mutation||✧ PE17/72 (#gol)|
Ilk. Thingol m. “*Grey-wise”
References ✧ Ety/KAL, THIN; LBI/Thingol, Tinwelint; LR/215; LRI; LT2/51; LT2I/Thingol, Tinwelint; PE21/60; PE22/41; RSI; SMI; TII; WRI
|(n)gôl||“wise, magical”||✧ Ety/THIN (gōl)|
|gôl¹||“light”||✧ Ety/KAL (rejected etymology)|
ᴱN. Thingol m.
Reference ✧ PE13/154 ✧ thingol
G. Tinwelint m.
References ✧ GL/70; LBI; LRI; LT1/115, 131; LT1A/Tinwë Linto; LT1I; LT2/50-51, 69, 119; LT2I/Thingol, Tinthellon, Tintoglin, Tinwelint, Tinwë Linto; SMI; WJI
|ᴱ√TINI||“twinkle”||✧ LT1A/Tinwë Linto (TIN)|
|lint||“quick, agile, nimble, light”||✧ LT1A/Tinwë Linto|
G. Tinto’ellon m.
References ✧ LT2/50-51, 69, 119; LT2I/Tinthellon
G. Tintoglin m.
References ✧ LT1/131; LT1I/Tinwelint; LT2/69, 119; LT2I