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S. roch n. “horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

S. roch, n. “horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

The usual word for “horse” in Sindarin, a derivative of ✶rokkō (Let/282, 382) and very well attested. There are indications that this word was more specifically a “swift horse” (Let/382; EtyAC/ROK), but in most cases Tolkien used it generically.

Conceptual Development: The first precursor to this word seems to be G. brog “horse” from the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s (GL/24), though at the time it had no Qenya cognates. ᴱN. brog “horse” reappeared in Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s (PE13/139), but by The Etymologies of the 1930s it had become N. roch “horse”, already with the derivation given above (Ety/ROK; EtyAC/ROK). Tolkien seems to have mainly stuck with this form thereafter.

References ✧ Let/178, 282, 382; PE17/97; RC/241; SA/roch; UT/318

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

rokkō > roch [rokkō] > [rokko] > [rokkʰo] > [roxxo] > [roxx] > [rox] ✧ Let/282

N. roch n. “(swift) horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

See S. roch for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ROK; EtyAC/ROK

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶rokkō > roch [rokkō] > [rokko] > [rokkʰo] > [roxxo] > [roxx] > [rox] ✧ EtyAC/ROK

ᴱN. brog n. “horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

See S. roch for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/139, 156

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

bogath plural   ✧ PE13/139
#vrog soft-mutation; t-mutation “horse” ✧ PE13/156

Element In


G. brog n. “horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

See S. roch for discussion.

References ✧ GG/9; GL/24, 64

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

vrog soft-mutation; b-mutation “horse” ✧ GG/9
#rog suffix   ✧ GL/64

Element In