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Q. †rá¹ (ráv-) n. “lion” (Category: Lion)

Q. †rá¹ (ráv-), n. “lion” (Category: Lion)

An archaic word for “lion” mentioned in the Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the 1950s, versus more common Q. rauro (PE19/99, 104).

Conceptual Development: This word has a lengthy history in Tolkien’s conception of Elvish, dating all the way back to ᴱQ. rau “lion” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, a derivative of the early root ᴱ√RAVA (QL/79). In the Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s, Tolkien had “lion” (PE21/40). It appeared in The Etymologies from later in the 1930s as ᴹQ. “lion” derived from primitive ᴹ✶rāu [rāw] under the root ᴹ√RAW, with plural form rávi (Ety/RAW).

In the Outline of Phonetic Development (OP1) from this period Tolkien had (unglossed) rāva < rāwa (PE19/62), but in Notes for Qenya Declensions from the 1940s Tolkien had (unglossed) rāu < rắwă (PE21/69). The last clear mention in currently published materials is in the Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the 1950s, as discussed above.

References ✧ PE19/99, 104

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

rāw > † [rāw] > [rā] ✧ PE19/99
rāw > [rāw] > [rā] ✧ PE19/104

ᴹQ. (ráv-) n. “lion” (Category: Lion)

See Q. †rá¹ for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/RAW; PE19/62; PE21/40, 69

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

rávi plural ✧ Ety/RAW

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶rāu̯ > [rāw] > [rā] ✧ Ety/RAW
ᴹ✶rāwa > rāva [rāwa] > [rāva] ✧ PE19/62
ᴹ✶rắwă > †rāu [rāwa] > [rāw] ✧ PE21/69

ᴱQ. rau (rav-) n. “lion” (Category: Lion)

See Q. †rá¹ for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Meássë; PME/79; QL/79

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

rávi plural ✧ LT1A/Meássë
rāvi plural ✧ QL/79

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√RAVA > Rau [raβ] > [rau] ✧ QL/79