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ᴹQ. mál n. “grit” (Category: Sand, Grit)

ᴹQ. mál, n. “grit” (Category: Sand, Grit)

A word in Declension of Nouns from the early 1930s glossed “grit” with various forms representing the inflections of nouns with lost ancient vowels: malǝ- (PE21/19, 24). It may be a later iteration of ᴱQ. mar (mard-) “grit, course grain or powder” from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, a derivative of the root ᴱ√MṚŘṚ [MṚÐṚ] “grind” (QL/63). Later still Tolkien gave the primitive form ✶smalŭ with the gloss “dust, grit” in Common Eldarin: Noun Structure (EVS2) from the early 1950s, though this primitive form had no derivatives.

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin, I prefer to use ᴹ✶smalu with its 1930s sense “pollen, yellow powder”, as this form has derivatives in The Etymologies (Ety/SMAL), and its root meaning ᴹ√SMAL “yellow” is a better match to the later root √MAL “yellow, gold”. I think it is possible to retain ᴹQ. mál “grit”, however, by assuming that it is a derivative of ᴹ√MBAL “*pound”, which is a better match with 1910s ᴱQ. mar < ᴱ√MṚÐṚ “grind”.

References ✧ PE21/19, 24





mallo ablative; assimilated   ✧ PE21/24
malullo ablative   ✧ PE21/24
mallon ablative plural   ✧ PE21/24
mala accusative   ✧ PE21/24
malta allative; assimilated   ✧ PE21/24
malunta allative   ✧ PE21/24
maltan allative plural   ✧ PE21/24
malen dative   ✧ PE21/24
malo genitive   ✧ PE21/24
malanen instrumental   ✧ PE21/24
malmen instrumental   ✧ PE21/24
malumet instrumental dual   ✧ PE21/24
malesse locative   ✧ PE21/24
mál nominative   ✧ PE21/24
malin nominative plural   ✧ PE21/24
mallin nominative plural   ✧ PE21/24
maluva possessive   ✧ PE21/24
malanon similative   ✧ PE21/24
maldon similative   ✧ PE21/24
malundon similative   ✧ PE21/24
mal- stem   ✧ PE21/24
malǝ- stem “grit” ✧ PE21/19

ᴱQ. mar⁴ (mard-) n. “grit, coarse grain or powder” (Category: Sand, Grit)

See ᴹQ. mál for discussion.

References ✧ QL/63




mard- stem ✧ QL/63


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√MṚŘṚ > mar [mṛð] > [marð] > [mard] > [mar] ✧ QL/63