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ᴱQ. kalar n. “lettuce” (Category: Cabbage)

⚠️ᴱQ. calar, n. “lettuce” (Category: Cabbage)
ᴺQ. ^caras “lettuce”

A word appearing as ᴱQ. kalar “lettuce” in Early Qenya Phonology of the 1920s derived from primitive ᴱ✶karase (PE14/70), where the final s became z and then r, after which the medial r dissimilated to l.

Neo-Quenya: The dissimilations in later Quenya were different, with the medial r preventing the z from becoming r and instead dissimilating it back to s (PE19/73). As such, I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. caras “lettuce” for purposes of Neo-Quenya, which also has the advantage of differentiating it from Q. calar “lamp”. Note that the stem for this word would also be caras- rather than the usual carar- due to the same dissimulative forces.

Reference ✧ PE14/70 ✧ “lettuce”


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶karase > karar > kalar [karase] > [karasǝ] > [karas] > [karaz] > [karar] > [kalar] ✧ PE14/70