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ᴱQ. mildi coll. “pease” (Category: Pea)

⚠️ᴱQ. mildi, coll. “pease” (Category: Pea)
ᴺQ. ^mildë “pea”

A word appearing as ᴱQ. mildi “pease” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s derived from primitive ᴱ✶mldẏǝ under the early root ᴱ√MLŘL [MḶÐḶ] (QL/62), where “pease” is an archaic word for “pea”. Tolkien somewhat cryptically said it was “used plural or as sing”. I interpret this to mean that it could be used as a collective plural form, or as a singular with stem mildy-. Tolkien could have been indicating that its singular *milde was a back formation from its apparently plural form mildi, much how English “pea” was derived from apparently plural “pease”, originally from Latin “pisa”.

Neo-Quenya: I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. mildë (mildi-) “pea” for purposes of Neo-Quenya.

Reference ✧ QL/62 ✧ “pease”


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√MLŘL > mldẏǝ > mildi [mḷdðʲǝ] > [mḷdðʲ] > [mildðʲ] > [mildj] > [mildi] ✧ QL/62