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Q. telco n. “leg; stem” (Category: Leg)

Q. telco, n. “leg; stem” (Category: Leg)
ᴱQ. tult “leg of chair, etc.”

The most common Quenya word for “leg” (PE17/122), also used of the “stem” of a tengwar symbol (LotR/1118) and probably the stem of plants as well. Based on the verb telconta-, its noun stem is telco- and hence it is probably derived from primitive *telekō, an elaboration of the root ᴹ√TELEK (Ety/TÉLEK). In The Etymologies of the 1930s it had an “analogical plural” telqui; such plurals generally appear with noun stems ending in cu- such as urqui plural of urco (urcu-). However, since the plural of telco was “analogical” it is clear that Tolkien intended its plural to be borrowed from other similar nouns rather than being the result of its historical phonological development.

Conceptual Development: The earliest iteration of this word was ᴱQ. pelko (pelko-) “leg” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√PELE² that was also the basis for “pivot” words (QL/73). This word reappeared in the Early Qenya Grammar and English-Qenya Dictionary of the 1920s, with plural form pelqi, perhaps adapted from its (Early Qenya) dual which was also pelqi (PE14/76; PE15/74). However, noun declensions from the late 1920s had ᴱQ. telko with the gloss “stem” (PE16/112-113).

This late 1920s ᴱQ. telko “stem” may initially have been a distinct word, since ᴹQ. pelko “leg” appeared in declensions from the early 1930s (PE21/48-49), but in a slightly later declension telko was glossed “leg” (PE21/53), and in the Declension of Nouns, telko was glossed “stem, leg” as an example of -u̯ǝ nouns (PE21/12). ᴹQ. telko was “leg” in The Etymologies written around the 1937, and Tolkien seems to have stuck with it thereafter (Ety/TÉLEK). Furthermore, in notes on The Feanorian Alphabet from the 1930s and 40s, telko was glossed “stem” as both the stem of a tengwar symbol and the name of vowel carriers: (short) telko ` and (long) anda-telko ~ (PE22/20, 22, 51).

References ✧ LotR/1118; PE17/122

Glosses

Element In

Cognates


ᴹQ. telko n. “leg, stem” (Category: Leg)

See Q. telco for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/TÉLEK; EtyAC/TÉLEK; PE21/12, 53-54; PE22/20, 22, 51, 61

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

telkollo ablative   ✧ PE21/53
telkollos ablative dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkollon ablative plural   ✧ PE21/53
telko accusative   ✧ PE21/12
telqa accusative   ✧ PE21/12
telkonta allative   ✧ PE21/53
telkontas allative dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkontar allative plural   ✧ PE21/53
telkoto comitative   ✧ PE21/53
telkúto comitative dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkoiko comitative plural   ✧ PE21/53
telkon dative   ✧ PE21/53
telkur dative   ✧ PE21/12
telquen dative   ✧ PE21/12
telkúno dative dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkoino dative plural   ✧ PE21/53
telkú- dual   ✧ PE21/54
telko genitive   ✧ PE21/53
telqo genitive   ✧ PE21/12
telkotos genitive dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkoron genitive plural   ✧ PE21/53
telkonen instrumental   ✧ PE21/53
telkúnen instrumental dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkoinen instrumental plural   ✧ PE21/53
telkosse locative   ✧ PE21/53
telkosset locative dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkossen locative plural   ✧ PE21/53
telko nominative   ✧ PE21/12
telko nominative   ✧ PE21/53
telkun nominative   ✧ PE21/12
telkot nominative dual   ✧ PE21/54
telkor nominative plural   ✧ PE21/53
telqin nominative plural   ✧ PE21/12
telkoi plural   ✧ PE21/53
telkuli plural   ✧ PE21/12
telqui plural   ✧ Ety/TÉLEK: analogical plural
telkuva possessive   ✧ PE21/12
telkondon similative   ✧ PE21/53
telku̯ǝ stem “stem, leg” ✧ PE21/12

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√TÉLEK > telko [telko] ✧ Ety/TÉLEK

ᴹQ. pelko n. “leg”

See Q. telco for discussion.

References ✧ PE21/48-49; VT28/8

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

[pelk]ollo ablative ✧ VT28/8
pelkollo ablative ✧ PE21/48
pelkollot ablative dual ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]ollor ablative plural ✧ VT28/8
[pelkollo]n ablative plural ✧ VT28/8
pelkollon ablative plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]o accusative ✧ VT28/8
pelko accusative ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]oi accusative plural ✧ VT28/8
pelko accusative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelkoi accusative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelqi accusative plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]onda allative ✧ VT28/8
pelkonde allative ✧ PE21/48
pelkondet allative dual ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]ondar allative plural ✧ VT28/8
pelkonden allative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelkol comitative ✧ PE21/48
pelkoile comitative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelkol comitative plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]os dative ✧ VT28/8
pelkor dative ✧ PE21/48
pelkotar dative dual ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]ois(i) dative plural ✧ VT28/8
pelkoire(n) dative plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]u genitive ✧ VT28/8
pelku genitive ✧ PE21/48
pelkotu genitive dual ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]oron genitive plural ✧ VT28/8
pelkoron genitive plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]oin instrumental ✧ VT28/8
pelkonen instrumental ✧ PE21/48
pelkonwen instrumental dual ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]oinen instrumental plural ✧ VT28/8
pelkoinen instrumental plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]osse locative ✧ VT28/8
pelkosse locative ✧ PE21/48
pelkosset locative dual ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]osser locative plural ✧ VT28/8
[pelkosse]n locative plural ✧ VT28/8
pelkossen locative plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]on nominative ✧ VT28/8
pelkon nominative ✧ PE21/48
pelkot nominative dual ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]or nominative plural ✧ VT28/8
pelkoin nominative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelkolin nominative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelkor nominative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelqin nominative plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]oika partitive ✧ VT28/8
pelkohta partitive-plural ✧ PE21/49
pelkoika partitive-plural ✧ PE21/49
pelkoita partitive-plural ✧ PE21/49
pelkosta partitive-plural ✧ PE21/49
[pelk]ova possessive ✧ VT28/8
pelkova possessive ✧ PE21/48
pelkoiva possessive plural ✧ PE21/48
[pelk]ondon similative ✧ VT28/8
pelkondon similative ✧ PE21/48
pelkondon similative plural ✧ PE21/48
pelko stem ✧ PE21/48

ᴱQ. telko n. “stem” (Category: Branch)

See Q. telco for discussion.

References ✧ PE16/112-115

Variations

Changes

Inflections

telko accusative   ✧ PE16/112
telkot accusative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkut accusative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkoli accusative plural   ✧ PE16/112
telkŏva adjectival   ✧ PE16/113
telkoito comitative   ✧ PE16/113
telkoito comitative dual   ✧ PE16/114
telkoitus comitative dual   ✧ PE16/114
telkutto comitative dual   ✧ PE16/114
telkor dative   ✧ PE16/112
telkon dative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkon dative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telku dative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkur dative dual   ✧ PE16/114
telkolir dative plural   ✧ PE16/112
telkot dual   ✧ PE16/112; PE16/114
telkot dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkut dual   ✧ PE16/112; PE16/114
telkut dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkut dual   ✧ PE16/112
telku genitive   ✧ PE16/112
telku genitive dual   ✧ PE16/112
telku genitive dual   ✧ PE16/114
telkur genitive dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkur genitive dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkolion genitive plural   ✧ PE16/112
telkoinen instrumental   ✧ PE16/112
telkoimet instrumental dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkoinent instrumental dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkoinet instrumental dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkolínen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/112
telkon nominative   ✧ PE16/112
telkon nominative “stem” ✧ PE16/113
telkont nominative dual   ✧ PE16/114
telkot nominative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkunt nominative dual   ✧ PE16/112; PE16/114
telkunt nominative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkut nominative dual   ✧ PE16/112
telkolin nominative plural   ✧ PE16/112
telkoita partitive   ✧ PE16/112
telkotta partitive   ✧ PE16/115
telkotta partitive dual   ✧ PE16/114
telkoli plural   ✧ PE16/112
telkondon similative   ✧ PE16/113

ᴱQ. pelko n. “leg” (Category: Leg)

See Q. telco for discussion.

References ✧ PE14/52, 76; PE15/74; QL/73

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

pelqi dual ✧ PE14/52; PE14/76; PE15/74
pelkoli plural ✧ PE14/76
pelqi plural ✧ PE14/76
pelqi plural ✧ PE15/74
pelko- stem ✧ QL/73

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√PELE² > pelko [pelkō] > [pelko] ✧ QL/73