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S. gaur [ng-] n. “werewolf” (Category: Wolf)

S. gaur [ng-], n. “werewolf” (Category: Wolf)

A noun for a “werewolf” (PE17/39; PE19/107; SA/gaur; Ety/ÑGAW), as opposed to a more ordinary wolf which would be [N.] garaf or draug. In The Etymologies of the 1930s, N. gaur was derived from the root ᴹ√ÑGAW “howl” (Ety/ÑGAW), and a similar derivation appeared in the Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the 1950s (PE19/106-107), but in notes on Words, Phrases and Passages from The Lord of the Rings from the late 1950s or early 1960s, Tolkien said the meaning of its root was “falsify, deform, disguise” (PE17/39).

References ✧ LBI/Gaurhoth; LotR/299; PE17/39; PE19/107; SA/gaur; UT/54

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Gaurhoth class-plural “Werewolves” ✧ LBI/Gaurhoth
ngaur nasal-mutation; ng-mutation “were-wolf” ✧ PE17/39
Gaurhoth nasal-mutation class-plural; ng-mutation “(host of) werewolves” ✧ UT/54
ngaurhoth nasal-mutation class-plural; ng-mutation   ✧ LotR/299
ngaurhoth nasal-mutation class-plural; ng-mutation “wolf-horde” ✧ PE17/39

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ÑGAW > gaur [ŋgawrō] > [ŋgaurō] > [ŋgauro] > [gauro] > [gaur] ✧ PE17/39

N. gaur [ng-] n. “werewolf” (Category: Wolf)

See S. gaur for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ÑGAW; LR/284; PE21/57; TI/187

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Gaurhoth class-plural “werewolves” ✧ LR/284
Gaurhoth class-plural   ✧ PE21/57
gaurhoth nasal-mutation class-plural; ng-mutation   ✧ TI/187

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√ÑGAW > gaur [ŋgawro] > [ŋgauro] > [ŋgǭro] > [gǭro] > [gouro] > [gauro] > [gaur] ✧ Ety/ÑGAW