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Q. #fanga n. “beard”

Q. #fanga, n. “beard”

A noun for “beard” derived from primitive ᴹ✶spangā (Ety/SPÁNAG), where the initial [sp-] became the voiceless spirant [f]. It is the cognate of the better known S. fang seen in the name S. Fangorn “Tree Beard”.

Conceptual Development: The earliest form of this word appeared in the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s as ᴱQ. vanga, cognate to G. bang, but both of these were rejected and replaced by ᴱQ. fanga and G. fang (GL/21, 34). The word appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s with the derivation given above (Ety/SPÁNAG). The word is not directly attested in Tolkien’s later writing, but its plural form appears as an element in name Andafangar “Longbeards” (PM/321).

References ✧ PM/321


#fangar plural “beards” ✧ PM/321

Element In


ᴹQ. fanga n. “beard”

Reference ✧ Ety/SPÁNAG ✧ “beard”



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶spangā > fanga [spaŋgā] > [ɸaŋgā] > [ɸaŋga] > [faŋga] ✧ Ety/SPÁNAG

ᴱQ. fanga n. “beard”

References ✧ GL/21, 34; LT2A/Indrafang