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Q. súrë (súri-) n. “wind, breeze” (Category: Wind)

Q. súrë (súri-), n. “wind, breeze” (Category: Wind)

The most common word for “wind” in Quenya, appearing in both the Namárië (LotR/377) and Markirya (MC/222) poems. In one place it was glossed “breeze” (PE17/62) so it seems to cover a wide variety of winds. It was derived from primitive ✶sūri (NM/237), a variant of ✶sūli (VT47/35) from which S. sûl “wind” was derived, all based on the root √ “blow, move with audible sound (of air)” which was primarily applied to the wind (NM/237).

Neo-Quenya: A likely precursor is ᴱQ. súru, used of air spirits in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/66) but translated as “wind” in the Earendel and Oilima Markirya poems written around 1930 (MC/216, 220). In one glossary appearing among Oilima Markirya drafts, Tolkien translated súru as “wind, gale” (PE16/75).

References ✧ LotR/377; MC/222; NM/237; PE17/62, 76, 124, 135; RGEO/58; TAI/197; TMME/184

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

súrinen instrumental “in the wind” ✧ LotR/377
súrinen instrumental “in (by agency of) wind” ✧ PE17/62
súrinen instrumental   ✧ PE17/62; PE17/76; PE17/135
sūrinen instrumental “wind-in” ✧ RGEO/58
sū́rinèn instrumental “in the wind” ✧ RGEO/58
súrisse locative “*in the wind” ✧ TAI/197
súrissë locative   ✧ TMME/184
súri- stem   ✧ PE17/135
sūrĭ stem   ✧ PE17/124
sūrĭ- stem “wind” ✧ PE17/62
sūrĭ- stem   ✧ PE17/62

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

sūri > súrë [sūri] > [sūre] ✧ NM/237
SUR(U) > sūrĕ [sūri] > [sūre] ✧ PE17/62
> sūre [sūri] > [sūre] ✧ PE17/124

ᴱQ. súru n. “air-spirit; wind, gale” (Category: Wind)

See Q. súrë for discussion.

References ✧ GL/68; LBI/Súruli; LT1A/Súruli; LT1I/Súruli; MC/213, 216, 220; PE14/10; PE16/57, 60, 62, 72, 74-75, 77, 100, 104, 147; SMI/Súruli

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Inflections

súrut ?   ✧ PE16/147
surussin nominative plural   ✧ PE16/57; PE16/60
Suruli plural   ✧ PE14/10
Súruli plural   ✧ LBI/Súruli; LT1A/Súruli
Súruli plural “spirits of the winds” ✧ LT1I/Súruli
Súruli plural “Spirits of the Wind” ✧ SMI/Súruli
Sūruli plural   ✧ GL/68
surui plural   ✧ PE16/57
suruli plural   ✧ PE14/10

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√SUHU > Súru [suxrū] > [suxru] > [suɣru] > [sūru] ✧ LT1A/Súruli