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S. gond n. “stone, rock” (Category: Rock, Stone)

S. gond, n. “stone, rock, [N.] stone (as a material), ⚠️[G.] great stone” (Category: Rock, Stone)

The basic word for “stone” or “rock” in Sindarin (PE17/28-29; WJ/201). More specifically, it was “stone as a material” (PE17/28; Ety/GOND) as opposed to an individual stone, which was S. sarn (RC/327; VT42/11). In one place Tolkien said “Sindarin had a short form gŏn- < *PQ gōn, gon-, stone, a stone, or a single thing made of stone” (PE17/28), and in another Tolkien said “shorter gon- was used for smaller objects made of stone, especially carved figures” (RC/347); this short form seems to be prefixal. Longer gond was derived from the root ᴹ√GONOD of essentially the same meaning, as was its Quenya cognate Q. ondo (Ety/GOND).

Conceptual Development: This word dates all the way back to the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where this word appeared as G. gonn “great stone, rock” (GL/41). It was probably a derivative of ᴱ√ONO “hard” from the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon from which its Qenya cognate ᴱQ. on(d) “a stone” was derived (QL/70). The early root form was probably *ᴱ√ƷONO, with the initial ʒ vanishing in Qenya but becoming g in Gnomish. Later on, this derivation no longer worked, since Tolkien decided that initial ʒ became h in Qenya. In The Etymologies of the 1930s, this word appeared as N. gonn “stone (as a material)” with the derivation given above (Ety/GOND).

Neo-Sindarin: Tolkien gave this word as both gonn and gond, but in keeping with the notion that the sound “remained nd at the end of fully accented monosyllables” in Sindarin (LotR/1115), most Neo-Sindarin writers use gond.

References ✧ NM/363; PE17/28-29; RC/347; SA/gond; WJ/201

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gon- prefix “stone” ✧ RC/347
gŏn- prefix   ✧ PE17/28

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Phonetic Developments

gōn/gon- > gŏn- [gondō] > [gondo] > [gond] > [gonn] ✧ PE17/28
gon-d > gon- [gond-] > [gonn-] ✧ RC/347

N. gonn n. “rock, stone (as a material)” (Category: Rock, Stone)

See S. gonn for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GOND; PE22/36; WR/340

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Ond soft-mutation; g-mutation ✧ WR/340

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ᴹ√GÓNOD/GONDO > gonn [gondo] > [gond] > [gonn] ✧ Ety/GOND

ᴱN. gonn n. “stone, rock” (Category: Rock, Stone)

See S. gonn for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/123, 145, 162

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guainn plural   ✧ PE13/123
guinn plural “stones” ✧ PE13/123

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G. gonn n. “(great) stone, rock” (Category: Rock, Stone)

See S. gonn for discussion.

References ✧ GL/41; LT1A/Gondolin, Gonlath; LT2A/Gondolin, Gondothlim; PE15/25-26

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Gon- prefix ✧ LT1A/Gonlath

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